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1. Boonen A, van der Heijde D, Landewé R, Guillemin F, Rutten-van Mölken M, Dougados M, Mielants H, de Vlam K, van der Tempel H, Boesen S, Spoorenberg A, Schouten H, van der Linden S: Direct costs of ankylosing spondylitis and its determinants: an analysis among three European countries. Ann Rheum Dis; 2003 Aug;62(8):732-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Direct costs of ankylosing spondylitis and its determinants: an analysis among three European countries.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess direct costs associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
  • To determine which variables, including country, predict costs.
  • Disease related healthcare resource use was measured and direct costs were calculated from a societal perspective (true cost estimates) and from a financial perspective (country-specific tariffs).
  • Mean annual societal direct costs for each patient were euro;2640, of which 82% were direct healthcare costs.
  • In univariate analysis costs were higher in the Netherlands than in Belgium, but this difference disappeared after adjusting for baseline differences in patients' characteristics among countries.
  • Mean annual direct costs from a financial perspective were euro;2122, euro;1402, and euro;941 per patient in the Netherlands, France, and Belgium, respectively.
  • For each country, costs from a financial perspective were significantly lower than costs from a societal perspective.
  • CONCLUSION: Direct costs for AS are substantial in three European countries but not significantly different after adjusting for baseline characteristics among countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Direct Service Costs / statistics & numerical data. Spondylitis, Ankylosing / economics

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  • (PMID = 12860728.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4967
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the rheumatic diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Rheum. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antirheumatic Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1754632
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2. Daniele D, Daniela M: Impending flop for brand antiretrovirals in the emerging markets? Open AIDS J; 2008;2:68-71
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  • Forecasts from Country choices, South-South partnerships and Clinton Foundation-UNITAID coalition show that present policies for brand ARVs are at the risk of flop in emerging South markets such as India, China, Thailand and Brazil.The dynamics explored in this article highlight the risks the originator companies are running in the emerging markets, along with their interest in direct agreements with the generic industry for the manufacturing and marketing of ARVs.Resulting information here would suggest the brand enterprises:To look for fast registration of their ARVs by regulatory authorities in all countries enlisted for differential pricing.To secure all formulations differentiated prices.To align with the Clinton-UNITAID prices for the corresponding generics.To pursue flexible negotiations with the generic companies to secure both counterparts long-term advantages.

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  • [Cites] PLoS Med. 2007 Nov 13;4(11):e305 [18001145.001]
  • (PMID = 18923694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1874-6136
  • [Journal-full-title] The open AIDS journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Open AIDS J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2556197
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3. Wirtz VJ, Forsythe S, Valencia-Mendoza A, Bautista-Arredondo S: Factors influencing global antiretroviral procurement prices. BMC Public Health; 2009;9 Suppl 1:S6
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  • Many countries are struggling to provide universal access to ARVs for all people living with HIV and AIDS.
  • Although substantial price reductions of ARVs have occurred, especially between 2002 and 2008, achieving sustainable access for the next several decades remains a major challenge for most low- and middle-income countries.
  • Logistic regression models were used to identify the characteristics of those countries which procure below the highest and lowest direct manufactured costs.
  • RESULTS: Three key factors appear to have an influence on a country's ARV prices: (a) whether the product is generic or not;.
  • (b) the socioeconomic status of the country;.
  • (c) whether the country is a member of the Clinton HIV/AIDS Initiative.
  • Factors which did not influence procurement below the highest direct manufactured costs were HIV prevalence, procurement volume, whether the country belongs to the least developed countries or a focus country of the United States President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief.

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  • (PMID = 19922690.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2779508
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4. Chen PG, Auerbach DI, Muench U, Curry LA, Bradley EH: Policy solutions to address the foreign-educated and foreign-born health care workforce in the United States. Health Aff (Millwood); 2013 Nov;32(11):1906-13
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  • We review the distribution of these workers and their countries of origin, and we summarize the literature concerning their contributions to US health care.
  • We also report on these workers' experiences in the United States and the impact their migration has on their home countries.
  • Finally, we present policy strategies to increase the benefits of health care worker migration to the United States while mitigating its negative effects on the workers' home countries.
  • These strategies include attracting more people with legal permanent residency status into the health workforce, reimbursing home countries for the cost of educating health workers who subsequently migrate to the United States, improving policies to facilitate the entry of direct care workers into the country, advancing efforts to promote and monitor ethical migration and recruitment practices, and encouraging the implementation of programs by US employers to improve the experience of immigrating health workers.
  • [MeSH-minor] Health Services Needs and Demand / trends. Humans. Professional Practice Location. United States

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  • (PMID = 24191079.001).
  • [ISSN] 1544-5208
  • [Journal-full-title] Health affairs (Project Hope)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Health Aff (Millwood)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Nurses / Physicians / Workforce Issues
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5. Brismar K, Benroubi M, Nicolay C, Schmitt H, Giaconia J, Reaney M: Evaluation of insulin initiation on resource utilization and direct costs of treatment over 12 months in patients with type 2 diabetes in Europe: results from INSTIGATE and TREAT observational studies. J Med Econ; 2013 Aug;16(8):1022-35
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of insulin initiation on resource utilization and direct costs of treatment over 12 months in patients with type 2 diabetes in Europe: results from INSTIGATE and TREAT observational studies.
  • OBJECTIVES: To describe the changes in resource utilization in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Spain, and Turkey) and direct costs in four European countries (Germany, Spain, Sweden, and Greece) over the first 12 months of insulin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
  • Contributors to total direct costs differed between countries.
  • Ranges of total mean direct costs over the 6-month period before insulin initiation were €489.10-€658.50 (Greece-Spain); 0-6 months after insulin initiation, €573.40-€1084.70 (Greece-Spain); and 6-12 months after insulin initiation, €495.80-€859.30 (Greece-Germany).
  • Thus, the mean cost of treatment increased in all countries in the first 6 months after insulin initiation and then returned to baseline except in Germany.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Contributors to total cost differed between countries, potentially reflecting local clinical practice patterns and insulin regimens.
  • In each country, mean direct total costs of T2DM care increased during the first 6 months after insulin initiation and decreased thereafter.

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  • (PMID = 23738910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-837X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical economics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Econ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated; 0 / Hypoglycemic Agents; 0 / Insulin
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6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Update: dracunculiasis eradication--Mali and Niger, 1993. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep; 1994 Feb 4;43(4):69-71
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  • Mali and Niger, countries in West Africa, ranked sixth and eighth in the number of reported cases of dracunculiasis (i.e., Guinea worm disease) in 1992.
  • In March 1993, Global 2000, Inc., and the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Research, Training, and Eradication of Dracunculiasis at CDC began providing direct assistance for the eradication of dracunculiasis in both countries by assigning a resident public health advisor to each country.
  • This report summarizes surveillance data for the two countries during 1991-1993 and describes their progress toward eradication of dracunculiasis.

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  • (PMID = 8295627.001).
  • [ISSN] 0149-2195
  • [Journal-full-title] MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • [ISO-abbreviation] MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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7. Stuckler D: Population causes and consequences of leading chronic diseases: a comparative analysis of prevailing explanations. Milbank Q; 2008 Jun;86(2):273-326
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONTEXT: The mortality numbers and rates of chronic disease are rising faster in developing than in developed countries.
  • This article compares prevailing explanations of population chronic disease trends with theoretical and empirical models of population chronic disease epidemiology and assesses some economic consequences of the growth of chronic diseases in developing countries based on the experiences of developed countries.
  • METHODS: Four decades of male mortality rates of cardiovascular and chronic noncommunicable diseases were regressed on changes in and levels of country income per capita, market integration, foreign direct investment, urbanization rates, and population aging in fifty-six countries for which comparative data were available.
  • Neoclassical economic growth models were used to estimate the effect of the mortality rates of chronic noncommunicable diseases on economic growth in high-income OECD countries.
  • FINDINGS: Processes of economic growth, market integration, foreign direct investment, and urbanization were significant determinants of long-term changes in mortality rates of heart disease and chronic noncommunicable disease, and the observed relationships with these social and economic factors were roughly three times stronger than the relationships with the population's aging.
  • In low-income countries, higher levels of country income per capita, population urbanization, foreign direct investment, and market integration were associated with greater mortality rates of heart disease and chronic noncommunicable disease, less increased or sometimes reduced rates in middle-income countries, and decreased rates in high-income countries.
  • Rising chronic disease mortality rates will significantly reduce economic growth in developing countries and further widen the health and economic gap between the developed and developing world.
  • [MeSH-major] Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology. Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality. Chronic Disease / epidemiology. Chronic Disease / mortality. Communicable Diseases / epidemiology. Developed Countries / statistics & numerical data. Economics / trends. Global Health. Neoplasms / mortality. Population Surveillance / methods. Respiratory Tract Diseases / mortality


8. de Mattos D, Misztal I, Bertrand JK: Variance and covariance components for weaning weight for Herefords in three countries. J Anim Sci; 2000 Jan;78(1):33-7
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  • [Title] Variance and covariance components for weaning weight for Herefords in three countries.
  • Estimation was done using a complete animal model, relatively large data sets, and the same methodology for the three countries in order to determine whether genetic parameters for weaning weight were homogeneous across environments.
  • Ten samples were obtained from each country by eliminating data from small herds with fewer than 500 records, selecting herds at random from the entire data set after removing the small herds, and then retaining the direct-sire-connected contemporary groups within each sample.
  • The estimates were pooled by calculating the arithmetic mean of the 10 samples from within each country.
  • Direct and maternal (in parentheses) heritability estimates were .24 (.16), .20 (.16), and .23 (.18) for USA, Canada, and Uruguay, respectively.
  • Covariance between direct and maternal was negative in all countries, accounting for 6, 8, and 10% of the total phenotypic variation, and the total dam effect was 32.5, 37.0, and 34.0% in USA, Canada, and Uruguay, respectively.
  • Total heritabilities were similar among the countries, with values of .19, .19, and .17 for the three respective countries.
  • The similarity of genetic and environmental parameters across the three countries suggests that joint genetic evaluation is feasible across environments provided that the genotype x environment interaction is negligible and can be ignored.

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  • (PMID = 10682800.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of animal science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Anim. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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9. Forabosco F, Jakobsen JH, Fikse WF: International genetic evaluation for direct longevity in dairy bulls. J Dairy Sci; 2009 May;92(5):2338-47
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] International genetic evaluation for direct longevity in dairy bulls.
  • Data from 19 countries and 123,833 national sires' breeding value were used for this purpose.
  • Trait definitions and national genetic evaluation procedures were first summarized; and this showed that differences among countries existed.
  • International breeding values for direct longevity were calculated using a multi-trait across-country evaluation model.
  • Estimated genetic correlations presented in this study were similar to those presented in the literature and, in general, differed from unity because of differences in trait definitions, culling reasons, data included, evaluation procedures, genotype-environment interactions, and weak genetic ties among countries.
  • Three out of 15 countries published international EBV of direct longevity only and 12 out of 15 countries combined direct longevity with predictors (combined longevity).

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  • (PMID = 19389992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-3198
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dairy science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dairy Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Palla I, Trieste L, Tani C, Talarico R, Cortesi PA, Mosca M, Turchetti G: A systematic literature review of the economic impact of ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Exp Rheumatol; 2012 Jul-Aug;30(4 Suppl 73):S136-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Interestingly, a common observation is that in AS indirect costs are higher than the use of direct healthcare resources.
  • Country, age, gender, and severity of the diseases impact on per patient annual costs AS related.
  • The differences observed among countries on absolute and relative (compared with direct costs) amounts of indirect costs can be explained with the capability of a country of actually measure productivity losses and indirect costs.

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  • (PMID = 23072824.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-856X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental rheumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antirheumatic Agents
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11. Chamberlain C, O'Mara-Eves A, Porter J, Coleman T, Perlen SM, Thomas J, McKenzie JE: Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 02 14;2:CD001055
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries.
  • Direct comparisons were conducted in RevMan, with meta-regression conducted in STATA 14.

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Oct 23;(10):CD001055 [24154953.001]
  • (PMID = 28196405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. Bursztein Lipsicas C, Levav I, Levine SZ: Holocaust exposure and subsequent suicide risk: a population-based study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol; 2017 Mar;52(3):311-317
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014).
  • They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II.
  • Groups were contrasted for suicide risk, accounting for the extent of genocide in their respective countries of origin, high (>70%) or lower levels (<50%).
  • RESULTS: Survival analysis showed that compared to the indirect exposure group, the partial direct exposure group from countries with high genocide level had a statistically significant (P < .05) increased suicide risk for the main outcome (calendar year: HR 1.78, 95% CI 1.09, 2.90).
  • This effect significantly (P < .05) replicated in two sensitivity analyses for countries with higher relative levels of genocide (age: HR 1.77, 95% CI 1.09, 2.89; years since immigration: HR 1.85, 95% CI 1.14, 3.02).
  • The full direct exposure group was not at significant suicide risk compared to the indirect exposure group.
  • Suicide associations for groups from countries with relative lower level of genocide were not statistically significant.
  • DISCUSSION: This study partly converges with findings identifying Holocaust survivors (full direct exposure) as a resilient group.
  • A tentative mechanism for higher vulnerability to suicide risk of the partial direct exposure group from countries with higher genocide exposure includes protracted guilt feelings, having directly witnessed atrocities and escaped death.

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  • (PMID = 28032138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epidemiology / Genocide / Holocaust / Suicide
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13. Stangvaltaite L, Schwendicke F, Holmgren C, Finet M, Maltz M, Elhennawy K, Kerosuo E, Doméjean S: Management of pulps exposed during carious tissue removal in adults: a multi-national questionnaire-based survey. Clin Oral Investig; 2016 Dec 20;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • No single management method gained uniform consensus in any of the three countries.
  • However, the most preferred management option in all three countries was direct pulp capping (DPC) (68-93%) mainly performed with calcium hydroxide paste/slurry (CH).
  • The reasons that guided GDPs were the same in all three countries; "good results" and "ease of use, familiar with the technique."

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  • (PMID = 28000038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-3771
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oral investigations
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oral Investig
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Deep carious lesion / Dental pulp exposure / Direct pulp capping / Partial pulpotomy / Pulpectomy
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16. Nelson B, Morrison S, Joseph H, Wojno A, Lash RR, Haber Y, Berro A, Cetron M, Grills A: Travel Volume to the United States from Countries and U.S. Territories with Local Zika Virus Transmission. PLoS Curr; 2016 May 31;8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Travel Volume to the United States from Countries and U.S. Territories with Local Zika Virus Transmission.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had issued travel notices for 33 countries and 3 U.S. territories with local Zika virus transmission.
  • METHODS: Using data from five separate datasets from 2014 and 2015, we estimated the annual number of passenger journeys by air and land border crossings to the United States from the 33 countries and 3 U.S. territories listed in the CDC's Zika travel notices as of March 8, 2016.
  • CONCLUSION: Travel volume analyses provide important information that can be used to effectively target public health interventions as well as direct public health resources and efforts at local, regional, and country-specific levels.

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  • (PMID = 27990321.001).
  • [ISSN] 2157-3999
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS currents
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Curr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Albanito F, Lebender U, Cornulier T, Sapkota TB, Brentrup F, Stirling C, Hillier J: Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems - A Review And Modelling Of Emission Factors. Sci Rep; 2017 Mar 10;7:44235
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems - A Review And Modelling Of Emission Factors.
  • There has been much debate about the uncertainties associated with the estimation of direct and indirect agricultural nitrous oxide (N<sub>2</sub>O) emissions in developing countries and in particular from tropical regions.
  • In this study, we report an up-to-date review of the information published in peer-review journals on direct N<sub>2</sub>O emissions from agricultural systems in tropical and sub-tropical regions.

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  • (PMID = 28281637.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-2322
  • [Journal-full-title] Scientific reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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36. Abid M: Does economic, financial and institutional developments matter for environmental quality? A comparative analysis of EU and MEA countries. J Environ Manage; 2016 Dec 13;188:183-194
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does economic, financial and institutional developments matter for environmental quality? A comparative analysis of EU and MEA countries.
  • : The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) with a sample of 58 MEA (Middle East & African) and 41 EU (European Union) countries for the period 1990 to 2011.
  • We focused on direct and indirect effects of institutional quality (through the efficiency of public expenditure, financial development, trade openness and foreign direct investment) and the income-emission relationship.
  • The policy implication is clear: in order to have sustainable positive economic performance and to reduce carbon dioxide emission in the country at the same time, policy makers should regulate and enhance the role and efficiency of domestic institutions.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27984791.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental management
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Manage.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; EU and MEA countries / Environmental Kuznets curve / GMM panel / Institutional quality
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37. Tajvar M, Grundy E, Fletcher A: Social support and mental health status of older people: a population-based study in Iran-Tehran. Aging Ment Health; 2016 Dec 15;:1-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate direct and stress-buffering associations between social support from family and the mental health of older people in Iran, a country which has recently undergone an exceptionally fast fertility transition and is consequently experiencing rapid population ageing.
  • RESULTS: The findings supported the hypothesis of a direct association between perceived and received social support and mental health.

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  • (PMID = 27976913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1364-6915
  • [Journal-full-title] Aging & mental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aging Ment Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Iran / Social support / Tehran / mental health / older people
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38. Ibekwe E, Haigh C, Duncan F, Fatoye F: Economic impact of Routine Opt-out Antenatal HIV Screening: A Systematic Review. J Clin Nurs; 2017 Mar 02;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Routine HIV testing is widely acclaimed as a strategy for universal access to HIV testing and is being adopted by developed and developing poor income countries without recourse to the economic impact.
  • METHODS: Extensive electronic searches for relevant journal articles published from 1998 to 2015 when countries began to implement routine ANC HI testing on their own were conducted in the following databases: Science Direct, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, JSTOR, CINAHL and PubMed with search terms as listed in box 1.

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  • [Copyright] This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28252818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2702
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. Hojman DA, Duarte F, Ruiz-Tagle J, Budnich M, Delgado C, Slachevsky A: The cost of dementia in an unequal country: The case of Chile. PLoS One; 2017;12(3):e0172204
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The cost of dementia in an unequal country: The case of Chile.
  • We study the economic cost of dementia in Chile, and its variation according to socioeconomic status (SES).
  • The costs of dementia are broken into three components: direct medical costs (medical care, drugs, tests); direct social costs (social service, daycare); and indirect costs (mostly associated to informal care).
  • Direct medical costs account for 20 per cent, direct social costs for 5 per cent and indirect costs for 75 per cent of the total cost.
  • The mean monthly cost is found to be inversely related to SES, a pattern largely driven by indirect costs.
  • The monthly cost for high SES is US$ 1,083 and US$ 1,588 for low SES.
  • A multivariate regression analysis suggests that severity of dementia and caregiver's burden account for between 49 and 70 per cent of the difference in the indirect cost across SES.
  • However, between one-third and one-half of the variation across SES is not due to gradient in severity of dementia.
  • Direct medical costs increase in higher SES, reflecting differences in purchasing power, while indirect costs are inversely related to SES and more than compensate differences in medical costs.
  • Moreover, in lower SES groups, female caregivers, typically family members who are inactive in the labor market, mostly provide informal care.
  • The average annual cost of dementia in Chile (US$ 17,559) is lower in comparison to high-income countries (US$ 39,595) and the proportion of cost related to informal cost is higher (74 per cent compared to 40 per cent).
  • SES is a key determinant in the cost of dementia.

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  • (PMID = 28267795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Pardey PG, Andrade RS, Hurley TM, Rao X, Liebenberg FG: Returns to food and agricultural R&D investments in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1975-2014. Food Policy; 2016 Dec;65:1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Based on a compilation of 113 studies published between 1975 and 2014 spanning 25 countries, the reported internal rates of return (<i>IRRs</i>) to food and agricultural research conducted in or of direct consequence for sub-Saharan Africa averaged 42.3%py.

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  • (PMID = 28018024.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-9192
  • [Journal-full-title] Food policy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Food Policy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Benefit-cost ratios / Internal rates of return
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46. Ganta KK, Mandal A, Debnath S, Hazra B, Chaubey B: Anti-HCV Activity from Semi-purified Methanolic Root Extracts of Valeriana wallichii. Phytother Res; 2017 Mar;31(3):433-440
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Presently available direct-acting anti-HCV drugs have higher barriers to resistance and also improved success rate; however, cost concerns limit their utilization, especially in developing countries like India.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28078810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1099-1573
  • [Journal-full-title] Phytotherapy research : PTR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phytother Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HCV / HCV NS5B / HCV inhibitions / Valeriana wallichii / plant extract
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47. Pichon-Riviere A, Bardach A, Augustovski F, Alcaraz A, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Pinto MT, Castillo-Riquelme M, Torres EP, Osorio DI, Huayanay L, Munarriz CL, de Miera-Juárez BS, Gallegos-Rivero V, Puente C, Navia-Bueno MD, Caporale J: [Financial impact of smoking on health systems in Latin America: A study of seven countries and extrapolation to the regional level]. Rev Panam Salud Publica; 2016 Oct;40(4):213-221
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Financial impact of smoking on health systems in Latin America: A study of seven countries and extrapolation to the regional level].
  • Objective: Estimate smoking-attributable direct medical costs in Latin American health systems.
  • The model was calibrated and validated for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, countries that account for 78% of Latin America's population; the results were then extrapolated to the regional level.
  • Results: Every year, smoking is responsible for 33 576 billion dollars in direct costs to health systems.
  • The region's countries should seriously consider stronger measures, such as an increase in tobacco taxes.

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  • (PMID = 28001196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1680-5348
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Panam. Salud Publica
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; English Abstract
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Lee E, Park H: Estimated Time to Complete Direct Nursing Interventions Using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) at Eight Hospitals in South Korea. Int J Nurs Knowl; 2016 Dec 14;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Estimated Time to Complete Direct Nursing Interventions Using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) at Eight Hospitals in South Korea.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the time needed to perform direct nursing interventions in Korea using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) system, and then compare the findings with time estimates made by U.S. nurses.
  • Each nurse was asked to choose the 30 most frequently used direct nursing interventions from a list of 433 from the Korean version of the NIC and to estimate the time needed to perform their selections.
  • Comparisons of the time to perform interventions in the two countries indicated that only 38 (41.3%) interventions are performed in 15 min or less in both countries.
  • Of the remainder, six interventions showed considerable variation in time to perform between the two countries.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 NANDA International, Inc.
  • (PMID = 27966291.001).
  • [ISSN] 2047-3095
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of nursing knowledge
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Nurs Knowl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; NIC / nursing interventions / time to perform direct nursing interventions
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51. Protty MB, Hayes J: Dawn of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants: trends in oral anticoagulant prescribing in Wales 2009-2015. J Clin Pharm Ther; 2016 Dec 21;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dawn of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants: trends in oral anticoagulant prescribing in Wales 2009-2015.
  • These include warfarin and the newer direct-acting OACs (DOACs).
  • In this commentary, we report the prescribing patterns for OACs in Wales, as a representative country within the UK.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28000318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2710
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Pharm Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; NOAC / direct-acting oral anticoagulants / direct oral anticoagulants / prescribing
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56. Kulhánová I, Bray F, Fadhil I, Al-Zahrani AS, El-Basmy A, Anwar WA, Al-Omari A, Shamseddine A, Znaor A, Soerjomataram I: Profile of cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean region: The need for action. Cancer Epidemiol; 2017 Mar 04;47:125-132
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Many countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) are undergoing marked demographic and socioeconomic transitions that are increasing the cancer burden in region.
  • METHODS: GLOBOCAN 2012 data were used to estimate cancer incidence and mortality by country, cancer type, sex and age in 22 EMR countries.
  • We calculated age-standardized incidence and mortality rates (per 100,000) using direct method of standardization.
  • RESULTS: The cancer incidence and mortality rates vary considerably between countries in the EMR.
  • For females, breast cancer is the most common cancer in all 22 countries, followed by cervical cancer, which ranks high only in the lower-income countries in the region.
  • For males, lung, prostate, and colorectal cancer in combination represent almost 30% of the cancer burden in countries that have attained very high levels of human development.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28268206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-783X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Eastern Mediterranean region / Incidence / Mortality / Risk factors
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57. Samms-Vaughan M, Lambert M: The impact of polyvictimisation on children in LMICs: the case of Jamaica. Psychol Health Med; 2017 Mar;22(sup1):67-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Children who experience polyvictimization in high-income countries (HICs) are at higher risk for mental health-related trauma symptoms.
  • There is limited information on the impact of polyvictimisation on children with high levels of exposure, as occurs in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
  • Findings from Structural Equational Modelling indicated that for both genders, exposure to polyvictimisation had a direct negative effect on intellectual functioning, and an indirect negative effect on achievement mediated through intellectual functioning.
  • For boys, polyvictimisation had a direct negative effect on behavioural risk.
  •   In Jamaica, a LMIC country with high levels of polyvictimisation, there is a significant negative effect of polyvictimisation on children.

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  • (PMID = 28133980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3966
  • [Journal-full-title] Psychology, health & medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Psychol Health Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Jamaica / LMIC / Polyvictimisation / Violence / childhood
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58. Levira F, Thurman DJ, Sander JW, Hauser WA, Hesdorffer DC, Masanja H, Odermatt P, Logroscino G, Newton CR, Epidemiology Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy: Premature mortality of epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review from the Mortality Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy. Epilepsia; 2016 Dec 18;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Premature mortality of epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review from the Mortality Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy.
  • : To determine the magnitude of risk factors and causes of premature mortality associated with epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
  • These direct causes comprise status epilepticus, with reported PMRs ranging from 5 to 56.6%, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), with reported PMRs ranging from 1 to 18.9%.
  • Epilepsy in LMICs has a significantly greater premature mortality, as in high-income countries, but in LMICs the excess mortality is more likely to be associated with causes attributable to lack of access to medical facilities such as status epilepticus, and preventable causes such as drowning, head injuries, and burns.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 The Authors. Epilepsia published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International League Against Epilepsy.
  • (PMID = 27988968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1167
  • [Journal-full-title] Epilepsia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epilepsia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Case fatality / Convulsions / Death / Developing countries / Premature mortality / Resource-poor countries / Seizures
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66. Aira N, Andersson AM, Singh SK, McKay DM, Blomgran R: Species dependent impact of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Direct effect on the innate anti-mycobacterial response. PLoS Negl Trop Dis; 2017 Feb;11(2):e0005390
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Species dependent impact of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Direct effect on the innate anti-mycobacterial response.
  • BACKGROUND: In countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis there is high coincident of helminth infections that might worsen disease outcome.
  • PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigated the direct effect of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages, hypothesizing that helminths would render macrophages less capable of controlling Mtb.

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  • (PMID = 28192437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-2735
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS neglected tropical diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Negl Trop Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Andrade A, Dominski FH, Coimbra DR: Scientific production on indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice: Bibliometric analysis. J Environ Manage; 2017 Mar 09;196:188-200
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016.
  • Bibliometric analysis was performed for authors, institutions, countries, and collaborative networks, in relation to publication year, theme, citation network, funding agency, and analysis of titles and keywords of publications.
  • Country, area, and impact factor of the journals were analyzed.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28284941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental management
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Manage.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Air pollutants / Air pollution / Bibliometric / Health / Indoor / Motor activity / Sports
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72. Haverkort JJ, de Jong MB, Foco M, Gui D, Barhoum M, Hyams G, Bahouth H, Halberthal M, Leenen LP: Dedicated mass-casualty incident hospitals: An overview. Injury; 2016 Nov 23;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Herein, we compared the MCI facilities from three countries considering the reasons for construction and the functionality.
  • The MCI hospitals' designs differed substantially, as determined by the threats faced by the country.
  • Israel faces constant threat from long-term conflicts; during the 2006 war, several hospitals suffered direct missile impacts.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28024651.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0267
  • [Journal-full-title] Injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Injury
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Disaster / Disaster medicine / Major incident / Major incident hospital / Mass casualty incident / Preparedness / Surge capacity
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76. Troskie C, Soon JA, Albert AY, Norman WV: Regulatory approval time for hormonal contraception in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom, 2000-2015: a retrospective data analysis. CMAJ Open; 2016 Oct-Dec;4(4):E654-E660
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We used public data sources and direct correspondence, and excluded generic versions of previously approved drugs.
  • Secondary outcomes included the median time to approval for all hormonal contraceptives and the number of approved hormonal contraceptives comparing countries studied, as well as the median time for approval of novel compared with nonnovel hormonal contraceptives within each country.

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  • (PMID = 28018878.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] CMAJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] CMAJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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77. Cuschieri S, Vassallo J, Calleja N, Pace N, Abela J, Ali BA, Abdullah F, Zahra E, Mamo J: The diabesity health economic crisis-the size of the crisis in a European island state following a cross-sectional study. Arch Public Health; 2016;74:52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The prevalence rates of these diseases are still on the rise among countries resulting in a corresponding public health burden.
  • The approximate health care costs (direct and indirect) for the diabetic adult population was of €29,159,217 (€21,994,676 - €38,919,121) annually, amounting to 3.64% (2.75-4.875%) of the total health expenditure in Malta.
  • CONCLUSION: Having an understanding of the prevalence and the economic cost burden of diabetes and obesity within a country, along with projections of the expected burden will enable policy and public health officials to clearly visualize this growing problem.

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  • (PMID = 27999669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0778-7367
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of public health = Archives belges de sante publique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Burden of illness / Diabetes mellitus / Economic burden of disease / Malta / Obesity
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81. Knudsen MT, Hermansen JE, Cederberg C, Herzog F, Vale J, Jeanneret P, Sarthou JP, Friedel JK, Balázs K, Fjellstad W, Kainz M, Wolfrum S, Dennis P: Characterization factors for land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment based on direct measures of plant species richness in European farmland in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome. Sci Total Environ; 2016 Dec 12;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization factors for land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment based on direct measures of plant species richness in European farmland in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome.
  • Based on a unique dataset derived from field recording of plant species diversity in farmland across six European countries, the present study provides new midpoint occupation Characterization Factors (CF) expressing the Potentially Disappeared Fraction (PDF) to estimate land use impacts on biodiversity in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome in Europe.
  • While species richness differs between countries, the calculated CFs are able to distinguish between different land use types (pastures (monocotyledons or mixed), arable land and hedges) and management practices (organic or conventional production systems) across countries.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27979626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1026
  • [Journal-full-title] The Science of the total environment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci. Total Environ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Biodiversity damage potential / Conventional farming / General habitat categories / LCA / Organic agriculture / Potentially disappeared fraction of species
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86. Stephens J, Kaura S, Botteman MF: Cost-effectiveness of zoledronic acid versus placebo in the management of skeletal metastases in lung cancer patients (LC pts): Comparison across three European countries. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):8081
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cost-effectiveness of zoledronic acid versus placebo in the management of skeletal metastases in lung cancer patients (LC pts): Comparison across three European countries.
  • METHODS: Estimated direct costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) experienced by LC pts with bone metastases receiving placebo (PBO) or ZOL were modeled and compared.

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  • (PMID = 27962656.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Toselli S, Rinaldo N, Caccialupi MG, Gualdi-Russo E: Psychosocial Indicators in North African Immigrant Women in Italy. J Immigr Minor Health; 2017 Mar 03;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anthropometric indices were computed by direct measurements of height, weight, waist and hip circumferences.
  • Public social support is necessary to control, maintain and improve the mental health outcomes of immigrant communities in the host country.

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  • (PMID = 28258468.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-1920
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immigrant and minority health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Immigr Minor Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Immigrants / Italy / Psychosocial health / Women
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88. Stefanelli P, Buttinelli G, Rezza G: Poliomyelitis: residual hurdles to global eradication. Commentary. Ann Ist Super Sanita; 2016 Oct-Dec;52(4):469-471
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, transmission of wild poliovirus persists in countries where the disease is endemic, and outbreaks may also occur in previously polio-free countries where population immunity is not maintained.
  • In this context, residual hurdles to global polio eradication have been identified, from unstable political situation in affected countries to population movements from and to endemic areas, and opposition to immunization strategies.
  • Global efforts are needed in order to promote routine immunization campaigns and large-scale vaccination rounds, which may provide direct protection of individuals and minimize virus circulation.

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  • (PMID = 27999213.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-2571
  • [Journal-full-title] Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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91. Chan KK: Are cancer cost-effectiveness analyses presented at major conferences published timely without bias? A systematic review. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6560
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Data including ICER (adjusted to USD), cancer type, country, and quality indicators were extracted.
  • Favourable ICER and country did not predict publication.
  • While there was no direct evidence of publication bias of favourable ICER CEA on the abstract-to-publication level, very favourable ICERs were reported by most abstracts, which might suggest non-submission of unfavourable ICER CEA for abstract presentation.

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  • (PMID = 27963765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Maswime S, Buchmann E: A systematic review of maternal near miss and mortality due to postpartum hemorrhage. Int J Gynaecol Obstet; 2017 Apr;137(1):1-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the principal direct cause of maternal mortality worldwide.
  • The mortality index was highest in low-income countries and lower middle-income countries.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Women in low-income countries and lower middle-income countries have an increased likelihood of severe PPH and of dying from PPH-related consequences.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Authors. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.
  • (PMID = 28099749.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-3479
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Gynaecol Obstet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Near miss / Obstetric hemorrhage / Postpartum hemorrhage / Severe acute maternal morbidity
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93. Arredondo A: Changing paradigms and challenges: evidence on the epidemiological and economic burden of diabetes in Latin America. Diabet Med; 2016 Dec 22;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [1], in Denmark, 59% of the economic burden due to diabetes is related to the direct costs of the disease and its complications, and 41% is attributable to lost productivity associated with diabetes.
  • In Latin American countries, 45% of the total costs are due to diabetes and its complications, and 55% to lost productivity attributable to premature mortality, temporal disability and permanent disability [2].
  • The difference in the internal distribution of direct vs. indirect costs is similar; 18% in Denmark and 10% in Latin America.

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  • [Copyright] This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28004431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-5491
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabet. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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94. Kayem G, Deneux-Tharaux C: Invasive therapies for primary post-partum haemorrhage as missed opportunities for medical prevention. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol; 2017 Apr;29(2):66-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Examine the available results from population-based studies to test the hypothesis that differences between countries in medical practices for the management of labour, delivery and early bleeding may lead to a differential risk of post-partum haemorrhage (PPH)-related maternal morbidity and in the need for PPH-related invasive therapies.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: International comparison of ratios of maternal mortality due to PPH shows significant differences between developed countries.
  • Direct international comparisons of PPH rates to investigate these differences are difficult because PPH definition is not homogeneous.
  • Comparative analysis of results from population-based studies shows wide variations in the rates of invasive therapies for PPH across countries and suggests that high rates of such therapies may be explained partly by variations in practices for the management of first and third stages of labour and in the noninvasive steps of PPH treatment.

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  • (PMID = 28253206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-656X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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96. Koinuma N, Wilking NE, Jonsson B, Hogberg D: The burden of cancer in Japan, the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. J Clin Oncol; 2011 May 20;29(15_suppl):1569
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the incidence, mortality and costs in Japan and compared with other countries.
  • RESULTS: The overall incidence in Japan is lower than other countries.
  • Similar trends are found in the US and the European countries, although some countries show declining long trends in male lung cancer (US, Germany, Italy, Sweden and UK), colorectal cancer (US and Germany), breast cancer (US) and in prostate cancer (US).
  • The overall cancer mortality and that of all the five major cancer types are increasing in Japan, but declining in other countries.
  • The direct cost of cancer treatment in Japan amounts to US$23 billion.
  • 7.3% of all health care resources are spent on cancer treatment In Japan, which is higher than in other countries.
  • The expenditure on cancer drugs in Japan is $57 per capita, which is lower than in the US ($64) and France ($69), but higher than in the remaining countries.

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  • (PMID = 28024034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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