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Items 1 to 100 of about 8509
1. Masoud S, Rajabi G, Delavari F, Rezaei N: Evaluating Awareness of Pediatricians and General Practitioners on Transformation of the Health System in Iran. Acta Med Iran; 2017 Jan;55(1):49-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The aim of this study was to measure the level of awareness of practitioners in Iran, after initiating the new transformation of the health system in the country, starting from May 2014.
  • 57.7% of physicians were completely aware of the time of the new system settlement in the country, while the rest had either no idea or did not know the exact date.
  • The participants suggested a few items promote the health system in the country; among them, decreasing the direct payment between patients and physicians was suggested most frequently.

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  • (PMID = 28188943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1735-9694
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Iranica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Iran
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Awareness / Healthcare / Hospital / Physicians
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2. Nelson B, Morrison S, Joseph H, Wojno A, Lash RR, Haber Y, Berro A, Cetron M, Grills A: Travel Volume to the United States from Countries and U.S. Territories with Local Zika Virus Transmission. PLoS Curr; 2016 May 31;8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Travel Volume to the United States from Countries and U.S. Territories with Local Zika Virus Transmission.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had issued travel notices for 33 countries and 3 U.S. territories with local Zika virus transmission.
  • METHODS: Using data from five separate datasets from 2014 and 2015, we estimated the annual number of passenger journeys by air and land border crossings to the United States from the 33 countries and 3 U.S. territories listed in the CDC's Zika travel notices as of March 8, 2016.
  • CONCLUSION: Travel volume analyses provide important information that can be used to effectively target public health interventions as well as direct public health resources and efforts at local, regional, and country-specific levels.

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  • (PMID = 27990321.001).
  • [ISSN] 2157-3999
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS currents
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Curr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Huang CF, Yeh ML, Huang CI, Lin YJ, Tsai PC, Lin ZY, Chan SY, Chen SC, Yang HI, Huang JF, Lu SN, Dai CY, Jen CL, Yuan Y, L'Italien G, Wang LY, Lee MH, Yu ML, Chuang WL, Chen CJ: Risk of hepatitis C virus related hepatocellular carcinoma between subjects with spontaneous and treatment-induced viral clearance. Oncotarget; 2017 Feb 01;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • These results may provide important information for decision-making regarding the prioritization of current direct antiviral agents in resource-limited countries.

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  • (PMID = 28159934.001).
  • [ISSN] 1949-2553
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncotarget
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncotarget
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HCC / HCV / spontaneous clearance / treatment
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4. Priest N, Perry R, Ferdinand A, Kelaher M, Paradies Y: Effects over time of self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and loneliness among Australian school students. BMC Psychiatry; 2017 Feb 03;17(1):50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effects over time of self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and loneliness among Australian school students.
  • This study examines associations between self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination experiences and loneliness and depressive symptoms over time among Australian school students.
  • METHODS: Across seven schools, 142 students (54.2% female), age at T1 from 8 to 15 years old (M = 11.14, SD = 2.2), and from diverse racial/ethnic and migration backgrounds (37.3% born in English-speaking countries as were one or both parents) self-reported racial discrimination experiences (direct and vicarious) and mental health (depressive symptoms and loneliness) at baseline and 9 months later at follow up.
  • RESULTS: A cross-lagged effect of perceived direct racial discrimination on later depressive symptoms and on later loneliness was found.
  • As expected, the effect of direct discrimination on both health outcomes was unidirectional as mental health did not reciprocally influence reported racism.
  • There was no evidence that vicarious racial discrimination influenced either depressive symptoms or loneliness beyond the effect of direct racial discrimination.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest direct racial discrimination has a persistent effect on depressive symptoms and loneliness among school students over time.
  • Future work to explore associations between direct and vicarious discrimination is required.

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  • (PMID = 28159001.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-244X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Depression / Loneliness / Mental health / Racial discrimination / School
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5. Stangvaltaite L, Schwendicke F, Holmgren C, Finet M, Maltz M, Elhennawy K, Kerosuo E, Doméjean S: Management of pulps exposed during carious tissue removal in adults: a multi-national questionnaire-based survey. Clin Oral Investig; 2016 Dec 20;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • No single management method gained uniform consensus in any of the three countries.
  • However, the most preferred management option in all three countries was direct pulp capping (DPC) (68-93%) mainly performed with calcium hydroxide paste/slurry (CH).
  • The reasons that guided GDPs were the same in all three countries; "good results" and "ease of use, familiar with the technique."

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  • (PMID = 28000038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-3771
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oral investigations
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oral Investig
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Deep carious lesion / Dental pulp exposure / Direct pulp capping / Partial pulpotomy / Pulpectomy
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6. Chamberlain C, O'Mara-Eves A, Porter J, Coleman T, Perlen SM, Thomas J, McKenzie JE: Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 14;2:CD001055
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries.
  • Direct comparisons were conducted in RevMan, with meta-regression conducted in STATA 14.

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  • (PMID = 28196405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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7. Bursztein Lipsicas C, Levav I, Levine SZ: Holocaust exposure and subsequent suicide risk: a population-based study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol; 2016 Dec 28;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014).
  • They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II.
  • Groups were contrasted for suicide risk, accounting for the extent of genocide in their respective countries of origin, high (>70%) or lower levels (<50%).
  • RESULTS: Survival analysis showed that compared to the indirect exposure group, the partial direct exposure group from countries with high genocide level had a statistically significant (P < .05) increased suicide risk for the main outcome (calendar year: HR 1.78, 95% CI 1.09, 2.90).
  • This effect significantly (P < .05) replicated in two sensitivity analyses for countries with higher relative levels of genocide (age: HR 1.77, 95% CI 1.09, 2.89; years since immigration: HR 1.85, 95% CI 1.14, 3.02).
  • The full direct exposure group was not at significant suicide risk compared to the indirect exposure group.
  • Suicide associations for groups from countries with relative lower level of genocide were not statistically significant.
  • DISCUSSION: This study partly converges with findings identifying Holocaust survivors (full direct exposure) as a resilient group.
  • A tentative mechanism for higher vulnerability to suicide risk of the partial direct exposure group from countries with higher genocide exposure includes protracted guilt feelings, having directly witnessed atrocities and escaped death.

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  • (PMID = 28032138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epidemiology / Genocide / Holocaust / Suicide
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8. Ruggeri K, Nolte E: Pharmaceutical Pricing: The Use of External Reference Pricing. Rand Health Q; 2013;3(2):6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The pharmaceutical market in the UK only accounts for a small proportion of global sales; however, UK prices are important as many countries reference their prices against those in the UK.
  • This article seeks to contribute to our understanding of approaches to pharmaceutical pricing in high-income countries and the role of reference pricing as a means to determining pharmaceutical prices.
  • There was also considerable variation in the terminology and practices used, and understanding the complexities of countries included in reference baskets for external pricing requires considerable semantic clarification.
  • There was considerable overlap between countries that cross-reference, and it remains challenging to estimate the direct, immediate impact on external reference baskets.
  • This review suggests that the international impact of pricing changes in the UK is likely to be minimal or indirect, largely because of the diverse ways in which reference pricing is implemented in the countries examined.

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  • (PMID = 28083293.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Rand health quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rand Health Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Norris T, Manktelow BN, Smith LK, Draper ES: Causes and temporal changes in nationally collected stillbirth audit data in high-resource settings. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med; 2017 Feb 14;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Few high-income countries have an active national programme of stillbirth audit.
  • Variation in the classification of stillbirth, cause of death and frequency of risk factor groups limit our ability to draw meaningful conclusions as to the true scale of the burden and the changing epidemiology of stillbirths in high-income countries.
  • International standardization of these would facilitate direct comparisons between countries.
  • The observed declines in stillbirth rates over the period of perinatal audit, a possible consequence of recommendations for improved antenatal care, should serve to incentivise other countries to implement similar audit programmes.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28214157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0946
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Fetal Neonatal Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Department of Health / / CDF-2013-06-018
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; High income country / National perinatal audit / Stillbirth
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10. Hoeft TJ, Fortney JC, Patel V, Unützer J: Task-Sharing Approaches to Improve Mental Health Care in Rural and Other Low-Resource Settings: A Systematic Review. J Rural Health; 2017 Jan 13;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Systematic review on task sharing of mental health care in rural areas of high-income countries included:.
  • (1) from low- and middle-income countries, (2) involving direct transfer of care to another provider, and (3) describing clinical guidelines and shared decision-making tools.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 National Rural Health Association.
  • (PMID = 28084667.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-0361
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of rural health : official journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Rural Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH073553
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; health services research / labor economics / mental health / task sharing / task shifting
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11. Zeng QL, Xu GH, Zhang JY, Li W, Zhang DW, Li ZQ, Liang HX, Li CX, Yu ZJ: Generic ledipasvir-sofosbuvir for patients with chronic hepatitis C: A real-life observational study. J Hepatol; 2017 Feb 09;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few patients from developing countries can afford brand name direct-acting antiviral agents for treating hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and controversy regarding the bioequivalence of generics exists.
  • LAY SUMMARY: The price of Harvoni® has led to restrictions and access limitations in many developing and even developed countries with limited healthcare budgets.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28189754.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0641
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Drugs / Generic / Hepatitis C / Ledipasvir / Sofosbuvir
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12. Kennedy R, Wojcik S, Lazer D: Improving election prediction internationally. Science; 2017 Feb 03;355(6324):515-520
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : This study reports the results of a multiyear program to predict direct executive elections in a variety of countries from globally pooled data.
  • We developed prediction models by means of an election data set covering 86 countries and more than 500 elections, and a separate data set with extensive polling data from 146 election rounds.
  • Direct evidence for economic indicators as predictors of election outcomes is relatively weak.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • (PMID = 28154078.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-9203
  • [Journal-full-title] Science (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Science
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Jacob S, Klimke-Hübner A, Dippel FW, Hopfenmüller W: 'Knowing what matters in diabetes: healthier below 7': results of the campaign's first 10 years (part 1): participants with known type 2 diabetes. Cardiovasc Endocrinol; 2016 Mar;5(1):14-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The requested information was complemented by direct measurements of blood pressure (BP) (routine), plasma glucose, and HbA<sub>1c</sub> (voluntary).
  • The marked increase in the proportion of T2D among all participants over time is consistent with the increasing prevalence of T2D mellitus found in many other countries worldwide in the recent decades.

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  • (PMID = 28392972.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc Endocrinol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HbA1c / diabetes / risk factors / risk management / screening
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14. Briolant S, Pradines B, Basco LK: [Role of primaquine in malaria control and elimination in French-speaking Africa]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot; 2017 Apr 17;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline, is a relatively unknown and underutilized drug in French-speaking African countries.
  • There is an ethical concern in administering primaquine as a gametocytocide as it does not confer any direct benefit to the treated patient.

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  • (PMID = 28417346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-9085
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique (1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Soc Pathol Exot
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Drug resistance / Duffy antigen / French-speaking Africa / G6PD deficiency / Malaria / Plasmodium falciparum / Plasmodium ovale / Plasmodium vivax / Primaquine
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15. Oyeyemi AY, Jajimaji F, Oyeyemi AL, Jabbo AA: Cardiovascular responses to millet pounding activity among women in a rural community in Northeastern Nigeria. Ann Afr Med; 2017 Jan-Mar;16(1):24-29
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Pounding food items in a wooden mortal is a common home chore in many communities in African and Asian countries.
  • Further studies on energy cost of this house chore, using instrumentation that is capable of direct measure of oxygen consumption, is warranted.

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  • (PMID = 28300048.001).
  • [ISSN] 0975-5764
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of African medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Afr Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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16. Dennis DM, Carter V, Trevenen M, Tyler J, Perrella L, Lori E, Cooper I: Do acute hospitalised patients in Australia have a different body mass index to the general Australian population: a point prevalence study? Aust Health Rev; 2017 Feb 23;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • <b>Conclusions</b> Despite health warnings about the direct relationship between illness and being overweight or obese, the results of the present study reveal fewer hospitalised patients in these BMI categories and more underweight patients than in the non-hospitalised general Australian population.
  • Accordingly, although we know that as an affluent Western country we are seeing growing rates of overweight and obese people and relatively few underweight or undernourished people in the general population, we do not know whether these trends are mirrored or magnified in those who are sick in hospital.

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  • (PMID = 28225703.001).
  • [ISSN] 0156-5788
  • [Journal-full-title] Australian health review : a publication of the Australian Hospital Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aust Health Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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17. Maghbooli Z, Hossein-Nezhad A, Jafarpour M, Noursaadat S, Ramezani M, Hashemian R, Moattari S: Direct costs of osteoporosis-related hip fractures: protocol for a cross-sectional analysis of a national database. BMJ Open; 2017 Apr 11;7(4):e014898
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Direct costs of osteoporosis-related hip fractures: protocol for a cross-sectional analysis of a national database.
  • As the country's population is ageing, it is expected that a dramatic rise in hip fracture incidence will result.
  • There is no single national study that accurately estimates the incidence of all hip fractures in the country or identifies the direct costs for affected patients.
  • To help fill this gap, the current study has been designed to determine the incidence of hip fracture associated with osteoporosis in the Iranian population and to assess the direct costs involved.
  • Study factors are demographic data, types of fracture, types of treatment, duration of admission, early complications, in-hospital mortality and direct cost of fracture treatment.

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  • [Copyright] © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.
  • (PMID = 28400460.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Direct Costs / Early Complication / Fracture / Health System Research / Hip Fracture / Hospital Information System / In-Hospital Mortality / Medical Information / National Database / Osteoporosis / SEPAS / length of Hospital Stay
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18. Essajee S, Bhairavabhotla R, Penazzato M, Kiragu K, Jani I, Carmona S, Rewari B, Kiyaga C, Nkengasong J, Peter T: Scale-up of Early Infant HIV Diagnosis and Improving Access to Pediatric HIV Care in Global Plan Countries: Past and Future Perspectives. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2017 May 01;75 Suppl 1:S51-S58
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scale-up of Early Infant HIV Diagnosis and Improving Access to Pediatric HIV Care in Global Plan Countries: Past and Future Perspectives.
  • The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive, as well as related international initiatives to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treat children living with HIV have been important drivers of this scale-up by mobilizing resources, creating advocacy, developing normative recommendations, and providing direct technical support to countries through the global community of international stakeholders.
  • Despite these efforts and many success stories, timely infant diagnosis remains a challenge in many Global Plan countries.
  • Some countries report that almost 90% of HIV-exposed infants are being tested; others report that the level of access has stagnated at 30%.
  • Still, just over half of all exposed infants in Global Plan countries receive a test in the first 2 months of life.

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  • (PMID = 28398997.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-7884
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Burns DK, Jones AP, Goryakin Y, Suhrcke M: Is foreign direct investment good for health in low and middle income countries? An instrumental variable approach. Soc Sci Med; 2017 Mar 28;181:74-82
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  • [Title] Is foreign direct investment good for health in low and middle income countries? An instrumental variable approach.
  • There is a scarcity of quantitative research into the effect of FDI on population health in low and middle income countries (LMICs).
  • When controlling for time trends, country fixed effects, correlation between repeated observations, relevant covariates, and endogeneity via a novel instrumental variable approach, we find FDI to have a beneficial effect on overall health, proxied by life expectancy.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28371630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] Social science & medicine (1982)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Sci Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Development / Foreign direct investment / Instrumental variables / Low and middle income countries / Panel data regression / Population health
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20. Pollard J: WE-H-201-00: Opportunities for Physicists to Support Low and Mid-Income Countries. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3839
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] WE-H-201-00: Opportunities for Physicists to Support Low and Mid-Income Countries.
  • : The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented.
  • Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets.
  • Yakov Pipman - The number and scope of volunteer Medical Physics activities in support of low-to-middle income countries has been increasing gradually.
  • Perry Sprawls - With the growing capability and complexity of medical imaging methods in all countries of the world, the expanding role of medical physicists includes optimizing imaging procedures with respect to image quality, radiation dose, and other conflicting factors.
  • With access to appropriate educational resources local medical physicists in all countries can provide direct clinical support and educational for other medical professionals.
  • This is being supported through the process of Collaborative Teaching that combines the capabilities and experience of medical physicists in countries spanning the spectrum of economic, technological, and clinical development.
  • 2. Use collaborative teaching resources to enhance the role of medical physicists in all countries of the world.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28047637.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Learning / Medical image quality / Medical physicists / Physics education / Radiation therapy / Telephones
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21. Sprawls P: WE-H-201-04: Models for Developing Medical Physics Educators and Education Programs in the Developing Countries and the Potential Role of US Universities and Individual Medical Physicists. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3839
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] WE-H-201-04: Models for Developing Medical Physics Educators and Education Programs in the Developing Countries and the Potential Role of US Universities and Individual Medical Physicists.
  • : The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented.
  • Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets.
  • Yakov Pipman - The number and scope of volunteer Medical Physics activities in support of low-to-middle income countries has been increasing gradually.
  • Perry Sprawls - With the growing capability and complexity of medical imaging methods in all countries of the world, the expanding role of medical physicists includes optimizing imaging procedures with respect to image quality, radiation dose, and other conflicting factors.
  • With access to appropriate educational resources local medical physicists in all countries can provide direct clinical support and educational for other medical professionals.
  • This is being supported through the process of Collaborative Teaching that combines the capabilities and experience of medical physicists in countries spanning the spectrum of economic, technological, and clinical development.
  • 2. Use collaborative teaching resources to enhance the role of medical physicists in all countries of the world.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28047760.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Learning / Medical image quality / Medical physicists / Physics education / Radiation therapy / Telephones
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22. Zhang S, Incardona B, Qazi SA, Stenberg K, Campbell H, Nair H, Severe ALRI Working Group: Cost-effectiveness analysis of revised WHO guidelines for management of childhood pneumonia in 74 Countdown countries. J Glob Health; 2017 Jun;7(1):010409
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cost-effectiveness analysis of revised WHO guidelines for management of childhood pneumonia in 74 Countdown countries.
  • BACKGROUND: Treatment of childhood pneumonia is a key priority in low-income countries, with substantial resource implications.
  • We estimated and compared the resource requirements, total direct medical cost and cost-effectiveness of childhood pneumonia management in 74 countries with high burden of child mortality (Countdown countries) using the 2005 and 2013 revised WHO guidelines.
  • METHODS: We constructed a cost model using a bottom up approach to estimate the cost of childhood pneumonia management using the 2005 and 2013 WHO guidelines from a public provider perspective in 74 Countdown countries.
  • The cost of pneumonia treatment was estimated, by country, for year 2013, including costs of medicines and service delivery at three different management levels.
  • We also assessed country-specific lives saved and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) averted due to pneumonia treated in children aged below five years.
  • RESULTS: Achieving full treatment coverage with the 2005 WHO guidelines was estimated to cost US$ 2.9 (1.9-4.2) billion compared to an estimated US$ 1.8 (0.8-3.0) billion for the revised 2013 WHO guidelines in these countries.
  • Pneumonia management in young children following WHO treatment guidelines could save up to 39.8 million DALYs compared to a zero coverage scenario in the year 2013 in the 74 Countdown countries.
  • The median cost-effectiveness ratio per DALY averted in 74 countries was substantially lower for the 2013 guidelines: US$ 26.6 (interquartile range IQR: 17.7-45.9) vs US$ 38.3 (IQR: US$ 26.2-86.9) per DALY averted for the 2005 guideline respectively.
  • Implementation of the 2013 WHO guidelines is expected to result in a 39.5% reduction in treatment costs compared to the 2005 guidelines which could save up to US$ 1.16 (0.68-1.23) billion in the 74 Countdown countries, with potential savings greatest in low HIV burden countries which can implement effective community case management of pneumonia.

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  • (PMID = 28400955.001).
  • [ISSN] 2047-2986
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of global health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Glob Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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23. Iversen L, Lange MM, Bissonette R, Carvalho AVE, van de Kerkhof PC, Kirby B, Kleyn CE, Lynde CW, van der Walt JM, Wu JJ: Topical treatment of psoriasis: questionnaire results on topical therapy accessibility and influence of body surface area on usage. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2017 Apr 01;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Currently, no formalized, international consensus guidelines exist to direct optimal topical treatment, although many countries have national guidelines.
  • A survey was distributed to dermatologists from the International Psoriasis Council (IPC) to assess topical therapy accessibility in 26 countries and to understand how body surface area (BSA) categories guide clinical decisions on topical use.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
  • (PMID = 28370534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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24. Ponziani FR, Mangiola F, Binda C, Zocco MA, Siciliano M, Grieco A, Rapaccini GL, Pompili M, Gasbarrini A: Future of liver disease in the era of direct acting antivirals for the treatment of hepatitis C. World J Hepatol; 2017 Mar 08;9(7):352-367
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Future of liver disease in the era of direct acting antivirals for the treatment of hepatitis C.
  • In the last 3 years, the approval of new direct acting antivirals characterized by high rates of virological clearance and excellent tolerability has dramatically improved HCV infection curability, especially for patients with advanced liver disease and for liver transplant recipients.
  • Long-term data about the impact of the new direct acting antivirals on liver fibrosis and liver disease-related outcomes are not yet available, due to their recent introduction.
  • In the liver transplant setting, clinical improvement has already been described after treatment with the new direct acting antivirals, which has often led to patients delisting.
  • However, the global consequences will depend on treatment accessibility and on the number of countries that could afford the use of the new direct acting antivirals.

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  • (PMID = 28321272.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cirrhosis / Direct acting antivirals / Hepatitis C / Hepatocellular carcinoma / Liver fibrosis / Liver transplantation
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25. Barbosa LS, Bogdanov D, Vainikka P, Breyer C: Hydro, wind and solar power as a base for a 100% renewable energy supply for South and Central America. PLoS One; 2017;12(3):e0173820
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  • Four different scenarios were considered: three according to different high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission grid development levels (region, country, area-wide) and one integrated scenario that considers water desalination and industrial gas demand supplied by synthetic natural gas via power-to-gas (PtG).

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  • (PMID = 28329023.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Levels M, Dronkers J, Jencks C: Contextual explanations for numeracy and literacy skill disparities between native and foreign-born adults in western countries. PLoS One; 2017;12(3):e0172087
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Contextual explanations for numeracy and literacy skill disparities between native and foreign-born adults in western countries.
  • Using new direct measures of numeracy and literacy skills among 85,875 adults in 17 Western countries, we find that foreign-born adults have lower mean skills than native-born adults of the same age (16 to 64) in all of the examined countries.
  • The gaps are small, and vary substantially between countries.
  • Differences in origin countries' average education level also account for variation in the size of the immigrant-native skills gap.
  • The more protective labor markets in immigrant-receiving countries are, the less well immigrants are skilled in numeracy and literacy compared to natives.

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  • (PMID = 28301541.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Pipman Y: WE-H-201-03: Enthusiasm and Generosity of Spirit Necessitate a Volunteering Structure to Make Them More Meaningful. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3839
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented.
  • Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets.
  • Yakov Pipman - The number and scope of volunteer Medical Physics activities in support of low-to-middle income countries has been increasing gradually.
  • Perry Sprawls - With the growing capability and complexity of medical imaging methods in all countries of the world, the expanding role of medical physicists includes optimizing imaging procedures with respect to image quality, radiation dose, and other conflicting factors.
  • With access to appropriate educational resources local medical physicists in all countries can provide direct clinical support and educational for other medical professionals.
  • This is being supported through the process of Collaborative Teaching that combines the capabilities and experience of medical physicists in countries spanning the spectrum of economic, technological, and clinical development.
  • 2. Use collaborative teaching resources to enhance the role of medical physicists in all countries of the world.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28048404.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Learning / Medical image quality / Medical physicists / Physics education / Radiation therapy / Telephones
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28. Ngwa W: WE-H-201-02: Emerging Models and Opportunities in Global Health for Medical Physicists Powered by Information and Communication Technologies. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3839
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented.
  • Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets.
  • Yakov Pipman - The number and scope of volunteer Medical Physics activities in support of low-to-middle income countries has been increasing gradually.
  • Perry Sprawls - With the growing capability and complexity of medical imaging methods in all countries of the world, the expanding role of medical physicists includes optimizing imaging procedures with respect to image quality, radiation dose, and other conflicting factors.
  • With access to appropriate educational resources local medical physicists in all countries can provide direct clinical support and educational for other medical professionals.
  • This is being supported through the process of Collaborative Teaching that combines the capabilities and experience of medical physicists in countries spanning the spectrum of economic, technological, and clinical development.
  • 2. Use collaborative teaching resources to enhance the role of medical physicists in all countries of the world.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28046328.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Information and communication theory / Learning / Medical image quality / Medical physicists / Radiation therapy / Telephones
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29. Pollard J: WE-H-201-01: The Opportunities and Benefits of Helping LMICs: How Helping Them Can Help You. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3839
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented.
  • Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets.
  • Yakov Pipman - The number and scope of volunteer Medical Physics activities in support of low-to-middle income countries has been increasing gradually.
  • Perry Sprawls - With the growing capability and complexity of medical imaging methods in all countries of the world, the expanding role of medical physicists includes optimizing imaging procedures with respect to image quality, radiation dose, and other conflicting factors.
  • With access to appropriate educational resources local medical physicists in all countries can provide direct clinical support and educational for other medical professionals.
  • This is being supported through the process of Collaborative Teaching that combines the capabilities and experience of medical physicists in countries spanning the spectrum of economic, technological, and clinical development.
  • 2. Use collaborative teaching resources to enhance the role of medical physicists in all countries of the world.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28046986.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Learning / Medical image quality / Medical physicists / Physics education / Radiation therapy / Telephones
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30. Albanito F, Lebender U, Cornulier T, Sapkota TB, Brentrup F, Stirling C, Hillier J: Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems - A Review And Modelling Of Emission Factors. Sci Rep; 2017 Mar 10;7:44235
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  • [Title] Direct Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Tropical And Sub-Tropical Agricultural Systems - A Review And Modelling Of Emission Factors.
  • There has been much debate about the uncertainties associated with the estimation of direct and indirect agricultural nitrous oxide (N<sub>2</sub>O) emissions in developing countries and in particular from tropical regions.
  • In this study, we report an up-to-date review of the information published in peer-review journals on direct N<sub>2</sub>O emissions from agricultural systems in tropical and sub-tropical regions.

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  • (PMID = 28281637.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-2322
  • [Journal-full-title] Scientific reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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31. Hakimnia R, Holmström IK, Carlsson M, Höglund AT: Exploring the communication between telenurse and caller-A critical discourse analysis. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being; 2014 Jan;9(1):24255
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  • Sweden is a front-line country, with all of its 21 counties connected to Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) 1177.

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  • (PMID = 28169642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-2631
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Authentic calls / Sweden / communication / discourse analysis / gender / telenursing
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32. Dube L, Rendall-Mkosi K, Van den Broucke S, Bergh AM, Mafutha NG: Self-Management Support Needs of Patients with Chronic Diseases in a South African Township: A Qualitative Study. J Community Health Nurs; 2017 Jan-Mar;34(1):21-31
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  • : Despite the need for chronic disease self-management strategies in developing countries, few studies have aimed to contextually adapt programs; yet culture has a direct impact on the way people view themselves and their environment.
  • The findings provide a window of opportunity for the development of contextually adapted self-management programs for community health nursing in developing countries.

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  • (PMID = 28156143.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-7655
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of community health nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Community Health Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chronic diseases / South Africa / community health nursing / patient needs and challenges / self-management support
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33. Zhang F, Xiang W, Li CY, Li SC: Economic burden of irritable bowel syndrome in China. World J Gastroenterol; 2016 Dec 21;22(47):10450-10460
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  • AIM: To estimate annual direct and indirect costs for patients diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and subtypes.
  • Total annual costs per patient were calculated as the sum of direct (including medical and nonmedical) and indirect costs.
  • The proportions of direct and indirect costs were similar to published studies in other countries.

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  • (PMID = 28058026.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Burden of illness / Direct and indirect medical and nonmedical costs / Irritable bowel syndrome / Irritable bowel syndrome subtype / Productivity loss
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34. Kiadaliri AA, Felson DT, Neogi T, Englund M: Rheumatoid arthritis as underlying cause of death in 31 countries, 1987-2011: Trend analysis of WHO mortality database. Arthritis Rheumatol; 2017 Apr 20;
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  • [Title] Rheumatoid arthritis as underlying cause of death in 31 countries, 1987-2011: Trend analysis of WHO mortality database.
  • Objective To examine trends in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as an underlying cause of death (UCD) in 31 countries across the globe during 1987-2011.
  • Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) were calculated by means of direct standardization.
  • Between-country disparities were examined using between-country variance, and Gini coefficient.
  • Reduction of 25% or more in ASMR occurred in 21 countries while a corresponding increase was observed in 3 countries.
  • The absolute and relative between-country disparities declined over the study period.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017, American College of Rheumatology.
  • (PMID = 28425170.001).
  • [ISSN] 2326-5205
  • [Journal-full-title] Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Kiadaliri AA, Woolf AD, Englund M: Musculoskeletal disorders as underlying cause of death in 58 countries, 1986-2011: trend analysis of WHO mortality database. BMC Musculoskelet Disord; 2017 Feb 02;18(1):62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Musculoskeletal disorders as underlying cause of death in 58 countries, 1986-2011: trend analysis of WHO mortality database.
  • The aim was to examine trend in MSK as underlying cause of death in 58 countries across globe during 1986-2011.
  • Annual sex-specific age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) were calculated by means of direct standardization using the WHO world standard population.
  • Between-country disparities were examined using between-country variance and Gini coefficient.
  • Declines in ASMR of 25% or more were observed for men (women) in 13 (19) countries, while corresponding increases were seen for men (women) in 25 (14) countries.
  • Despite decline over time, there were substantial between-country disparities in MSK mortality and its temporal trend.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We found substantial variations in MSK mortality and its trends between countries, regions and also between sex and age groups.
  • Promoted awareness and better management of MSK might partly explain reduction in MSK mortality, but variations across countries warrant further investigations.

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  • (PMID = 28153007.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2474
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC musculoskeletal disorders
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Musculoskelet Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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36. Raeisi A, Mehboudi M, Darabi H, Nabipour I, Larijani B, Mehrdad N, Heshmat R, Shafiee G, Sharifi F, Ostovar A: Socioeconomic inequality of overweight and obesity of the elderly in Iran: Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program. BMC Public Health; 2017 Jan 13;17(1):72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by an asset index, constructed using principal component analysis, income, education level, and employment status.
  • There were direct associations between asset index quintiles and both overweight and obesity among both genders (Ps for trend <0.01) except for obesity among men (P for trend = 0.118).
  • CONCLUSION: Findings support the direct relationship between SES and obesity among women as previously reported in developing countries.

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  • (PMID = 28086842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Elderly / Iran / Obesity / Overweight / Socioeconomic Status
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37. Holm MR, Burkhartzmeyer HL: Implementation of a phased medical educational approach in a developing country. Glob Health Action; 2015 Jan;8(1):29882
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Implementation of a phased medical educational approach in a developing country.
  • : Objective Healthcare provider education can serve as one method for improving healthcare in developing countries.
  • Design Our novel approach included three phases: direct patient care, targeted education, and utilization of the train-the-trainer model.
  • Conclusions A phased educational approach can improve healthcare workers' knowledge through partnership in a developing country.
  • Educating local providers is one way of ensuring that in-country healthcare staff will improve their medical knowledge and expertise.

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  • (PMID = 28156702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1654-9880
  • [Journal-full-title] Global health action
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glob Health Action
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Haiti / educating in developing countries / educational initiative / healthcare / medical education / phased educational approach / sustainability
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38. Kligerman MP, Alexandre A, Jean-Gilles P, Walmer D, Cheney ML, Messner AH: Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery in a low income country: The Haitian experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2017 Feb;93:128-132
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery in a low income country: The Haitian experience.
  • OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries.
  • Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH).
  • This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries.
  • The five most common surgeries performed were tonsillectomy (23.6%), foreign body retrieval (17.9%), open reduction of mandibular fracture with direct skeletal fixation (6.9%), thyroidectomy (7.9%), and excision of unspecified mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Developing Countries / statistics & numerical data. Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases / epidemiology. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28109483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Global health / Haiti / Head and Neck Surgery / Otolaryngology
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39. Abid M: Does economic, financial and institutional developments matter for environmental quality? A comparative analysis of EU and MEA countries. J Environ Manage; 2017 Mar 01;188:183-194
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does economic, financial and institutional developments matter for environmental quality? A comparative analysis of EU and MEA countries.
  • The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) with a sample of 58 MEA (Middle East & African) and 41 EU (European Union) countries for the period 1990 to 2011.
  • We focused on direct and indirect effects of institutional quality (through the efficiency of public expenditure, financial development, trade openness and foreign direct investment) and the income-emission relationship.
  • The policy implication is clear: in order to have sustainable positive economic performance and to reduce carbon dioxide emission in the country at the same time, policy makers should regulate and enhance the role and efficiency of domestic institutions.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27984791.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental management
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Manage.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; EU and MEA countries (major topic) / Environmental Kuznets curve (major topic) / GMM panel (major topic) / Institutional quality (major topic)
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40. Tajvar M, Grundy E, Fletcher A: Social support and mental health status of older people: a population-based study in Iran-Tehran. Aging Ment Health; 2016 Dec 15;:1-10
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  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate direct and stress-buffering associations between social support from family and the mental health of older people in Iran, a country which has recently undergone an exceptionally fast fertility transition and is consequently experiencing rapid population ageing.
  • RESULTS: The findings supported the hypothesis of a direct association between perceived and received social support and mental health.

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  • (PMID = 27976913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1364-6915
  • [Journal-full-title] Aging & mental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aging Ment Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Iran / Social support / Tehran / mental health / older people
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41. Cabibbe AM, Cirillo DM: Best approaches to drug-resistance surveillance at the country level. Int J Mycobacteriol; 2016 Dec;5 Suppl 1:S40-S41
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  • [Title] Best approaches to drug-resistance surveillance at the country level.
  • : In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation to include the endorsed rapid molecular technologies (Xpert MTB/RIF, line probe assays) into surveillance systems and surveys allowed the testing of more tuberculosis (TB) patients for drug resistance at country level than ever before.
  • These features make WGS, moreso than the conventional molecular tools, an ideal tool to monitor transmission and drug resistance trends in countries, providing deep and wide information in a standardized way.
  • Classical sequencing and NGS approaches have been successfully used in a recent study conducted in five countries with high burden of TB and multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and aimed at investigating levels of resistance to pyrazinamide among patients with TB by pncA sequencing [doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30190-6].
  • This work innovatively demonstrated that the establishment of strong links between national (peripheral and reference laboratories) and supranational laboratories, with the former possibly processing indirect or direct samples and generating sequencing data, and the latter supporting them for bioinformatics analysis and data interpretation, will soon make WGS and targeted NGS the preferred tools to conduct public health surveillances in TB field, thus helping the strategies adopted by TB control programs at local and national levels.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016.
  • (PMID = 28043601.001).
  • [ISSN] 2212-554X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of mycobacteriology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Mycobacteriol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Drug-resistance tuberculosis / Molecular tests / Mycobacterium tuberculosis / Surveillance / Whole genome sequencing
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42. Ibekwe E, Haigh C, Duncan F, Fatoye F: Economic impact of Routine Opt-out Antenatal HIV Screening: A Systematic Review. J Clin Nurs; 2017 Mar 02;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Routine HIV testing is widely acclaimed as a strategy for universal access to HIV testing and is being adopted by developed and developing poor income countries without recourse to the economic impact.
  • METHODS: Extensive electronic searches for relevant journal articles published from 1998 to 2015 when countries began to implement routine ANC HI testing on their own were conducted in the following databases: Science Direct, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, JSTOR, CINAHL and PubMed with search terms as listed in box 1.

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  • [Copyright] This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28252818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2702
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Hojman DA, Duarte F, Ruiz-Tagle J, Budnich M, Delgado C, Slachevsky A: The cost of dementia in an unequal country: The case of Chile. PLoS One; 2017;12(3):e0172204
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  • [Title] The cost of dementia in an unequal country: The case of Chile.
  • We study the economic cost of dementia in Chile, and its variation according to socioeconomic status (SES).
  • The costs of dementia are broken into three components: direct medical costs (medical care, drugs, tests); direct social costs (social service, daycare); and indirect costs (mostly associated to informal care).
  • Direct medical costs account for 20 per cent, direct social costs for 5 per cent and indirect costs for 75 per cent of the total cost.
  • The mean monthly cost is found to be inversely related to SES, a pattern largely driven by indirect costs.
  • The monthly cost for high SES is US$ 1,083 and US$ 1,588 for low SES.
  • A multivariate regression analysis suggests that severity of dementia and caregiver's burden account for between 49 and 70 per cent of the difference in the indirect cost across SES.
  • However, between one-third and one-half of the variation across SES is not due to gradient in severity of dementia.
  • Direct medical costs increase in higher SES, reflecting differences in purchasing power, while indirect costs are inversely related to SES and more than compensate differences in medical costs.
  • Moreover, in lower SES groups, female caregivers, typically family members who are inactive in the labor market, mostly provide informal care.
  • The average annual cost of dementia in Chile (US$ 17,559) is lower in comparison to high-income countries (US$ 39,595) and the proportion of cost related to informal cost is higher (74 per cent compared to 40 per cent).
  • SES is a key determinant in the cost of dementia.

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  • (PMID = 28267795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Dehghanian F, Silawi M, Tabei SM: Mutation Analysis in Classical Phenylketonuria Patients Followed by Detecting Haplotypes Linked to Some PAH Mutations. Clin Lab; 2017 Feb 01;63(2):295-300
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  • The gold standard for confirming PKU and PAH deficiency is detecting causal mutations by direct sequencing of the coding exons and splicing involved sequences of the PAH gene.
  • Furthermore, haplotype analysis could be considered as an auxiliary approach for detecting PKU causative mutations before direct sequencing of the PAH gene by making comparisons between prior detected mutation linked-haplotypes and new PKU case haplotypes with undetermined mutations.
  • Mutations were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing in all patients.
  • Due to the relatively large size of the PAH gene and high cost of the direct sequencing in developing countries, haplotype analysis could be used before DNA sequencing and mutation detection for a faster and cheaper way via identifying probable mutated exons.

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  • (PMID = 28182360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-6510
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical laboratory
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Lab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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45. Pardey PG, Andrade RS, Hurley TM, Rao X, Liebenberg FG: Returns to food and agricultural R&D investments in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1975-2014. Food Policy; 2016 Dec;65:1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Based on a compilation of 113 studies published between 1975 and 2014 spanning 25 countries, the reported internal rates of return (<i>IRRs</i>) to food and agricultural research conducted in or of direct consequence for sub-Saharan Africa averaged 42.3%py.

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  • (PMID = 28018024.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-9192
  • [Journal-full-title] Food policy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Food Policy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Benefit-cost ratios / Internal rates of return
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46. Chowers M, Shavit O: Economic evaluation of universal prenatal HIV screening compared with current 'at risk' policy in a very low prevalence country. Sex Transm Infect; 2017 Mar;93(2):112-117
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Economic evaluation of universal prenatal HIV screening compared with current 'at risk' policy in a very low prevalence country.
  • OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to economically evaluate universal HIV prenatal screening in Israel, a very low prevalence country (0.1%), compared with the current policy of testing only women belonging to high-risk (HR) groups.
  • Life expectancies, direct medical costs and utility weights of an HIV-positive newborn and a healthy newborn were derived from the literature.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
  • (PMID = 28213577.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-3263
  • [Journal-full-title] Sexually transmitted infections
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sex Transm Infect
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; AIDS / COST-EFFECTIVENESS / HIV WOMEN / PREGNANCY / SEROPREVALENCE
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47. El-Anwar MW, Nofal AA, Shawadfy MA, Maaty A, Khazbak AO: Tracheostomy in the Intensive Care Unit: a University Hospital in a Developing Country Study. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2017 Jan;21(1):33-37
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  • [Title] Tracheostomy in the Intensive Care Unit: a University Hospital in a Developing Country Study.
  • It not only provides stable airway and facilitates pulmonary toilet and ventilator weaning, but also decreases the direct laryngeal injury of endotracheal intubation, and improves patient comfort and daily living activity.
  • <b>Objective</b> The objective of this study is to assess the incidence, indications, timing, complications (early and late), and the outcome of tracheostomy on patients in the intensive care units (ICU) at a university hospital in a developing country.

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  • (PMID = 28050205.001).
  • [ISSN] 1809-9777
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ICU / endotracheal intubation / mechanical ventilation / tracheostomy
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48. Ganta KK, Mandal A, Debnath S, Hazra B, Chaubey B: Anti-HCV Activity from Semi-purified Methanolic Root Extracts of Valeriana wallichii. Phytother Res; 2017 Jan 12;
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  • Presently available direct-acting anti-HCV drugs have higher barriers to resistance and also improved success rate; however, cost concerns limit their utilization, especially in developing countries like India.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28078810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1099-1573
  • [Journal-full-title] Phytotherapy research : PTR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phytother Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HCV / HCV NS5B / HCV inhibitions / Valeriana wallichii / plant extract
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49. Polaris Observatory HCV Collaborators: Global prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus infection in 2015: a modelling study. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2017 Mar;2(3):161-176
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: The 69th World Health Assembly approved the Global Health Sector Strategy to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by 2030, which can become a reality with the recent launch of direct acting antiviral therapies.
  • METHODS: We developed country-level disease burden models following a systematic review of HCV prevalence (number of studies, n=6754) and genotype (n=11 342) studies published after 2013.
  • A Delphi process was used to gain country expert consensus and validate inputs.
  • Published estimates alone were used for countries where expert panel meetings could not be scheduled.
  • Global prevalence was estimated using regional averages for countries without data.
  • FINDINGS: Models were built for 100 countries, 59 of which were approved by country experts, with the remaining 41 estimated using published data alone.
  • The remaining countries had insufficient data to create a model.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28404132.001).
  • [ISSN] 2468-1253
  • [Journal-full-title] The lancet. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Investigator] Blach S; Zeuzem S; Manns M; Altraif I; Duberg AS; Muljono DH; Waked I; Alavian SM; Lee MH; Negro F; Abaalkhail F; Abdou A; Abdulla M; Rached AA; Aho I; Akarca U; Al Ghazzawi I; Al Kaabi S; Al Lawati F; Al Namaani K; Al Serkal Y; Al-Busafi SA; Al-Dabal L; Aleman S; Alghamdi AS; Aljumah AA; Al-Romaihi HE; Andersson MI; Arendt V; Arkkila P; Assiri AM; Baatarkhuu O; Bane A; Ben-Ari Z; Bergin C; Bessone F; Bihl F; Bizri AR; Blachier M; Blasco AJ; Mello CE; Bruggmann P; Brunton CR; Calinas F; Chan HL; Chaudhry A; Cheinquer H; Chen CJ; Chien RN; Choi MS; Christensen PB; Chuang WL; Chulanov V; Cisneros L; Clausen MR; Cramp ME; Craxi A; Croes EA; Dalgard O; Daruich JR; de Ledinghen V; Dore GJ; El-Sayed MH; Ergör G; Esmat G; Estes C; Falconer K; Farag E; Ferraz ML; Ferreira PR; Flisiak R; Frankova S; Gamkrelidze I; Gane E; García-Samaniego J; Khan AG; Gountas I; Goldis A; Gottfredsson M; Grebely J; Gschwantler M; Pessôa MG; Gunter J; Hajarizadeh B; Hajelssedig O; Hamid S; Hamoudi W; Hatzakis A; Himatt SM; Hofer H; Hrstic I; Hui YT; Hunyady B; Idilman R; Jafri W; Jahis R; Janjua NZ; Jarčuška P; Jeruma A; Jonasson JG; Kamel Y; Kao JH; Kaymakoglu S; Kershenobich D; Khamis J; Kim YS; Kondili L; Koutoubi Z; Krajden M; Krarup H; Lai MS; Laleman W; Lao WC; Lavanchy D; Lázaro P; Leleu H; Lesi O; Lesmana LA; Li M; Liakina V; Lim YS; Luksic B; Mahomed A; Maimets M; Makara M; Malu AO; Marinho RT; Marotta P; Mauss S; Memon MS; Correa MC; Mendez-Sanchez N; Merat S; Metwally AM; Mohamed R; Moreno C; Mourad FH; Müllhaupt B; Murphy K; Nde H; Njouom R; Nonkovic D; Norris S; Obekpa S; Oguche S; Olafsson S; Oltman M; Omede O; Omuemu C; Opare-Sem O; Øvrehus AL; Owusu-Ofori S; Oyunsuren TS; Papatheodoridis G; Pasini K; Peltekian KM; Phillips RO; Pimenov N; Poustchi H; Prabdial-Sing N; Qureshi H; Ramji A; Razavi-Shearer D; Razavi-Shearer K; Redae B; Reesink HW; Ridruejo E; Robbins S; Roberts LR; Roberts SK; Rosenberg WM; Roudot-Thoraval F; Ryder SD; Safadi R; Sagalova O; Salupere R; Sanai FM; Avila JF; Saraswat V; Sarmento-Castro R; Sarrazin C; Schmelzer JD; Schréter I; Seguin-Devaux C; Shah SR; Sharara AI; Sharma M; Shevaldin A; Shiha GE; Sievert W; Sonderup M; Souliotis K; Speiciene D; Sperl J; Stärkel P; Stauber RE; Stedman C; Struck D; Su TH; Sypsa V; Tan SS; Tanaka J; Thompson AJ; Tolmane I; Tomasiewicz K; Valantinas J; Van Damme P; van der Meer AJ; van Thiel I; Van Vlierberghe H; Vince A; Vogel W; Wedemeyer H; Weis N; Wong VW; Yaghi C; Yosry A; Yuen MF; Yunihastuti E; Yusuf A; Zuckerman E; Razavi H
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50. Pichon-Riviere A, Bardach A, Augustovski F, Alcaraz A, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Pinto MT, Castillo-Riquelme M, Torres EP, Osorio DI, Huayanay L, Munarriz CL, de Miera-Juárez BS, Gallegos-Rivero V, Puente C, Navia-Bueno MD, Caporale J: [Financial impact of smoking on health systems in Latin America: A study of seven countries and extrapolation to the regional level]. Rev Panam Salud Publica; 2016 Oct;40(4):213-221
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  • [Title] [Financial impact of smoking on health systems in Latin America: A study of seven countries and extrapolation to the regional level].
  • Objective: Estimate smoking-attributable direct medical costs in Latin American health systems.
  • The model was calibrated and validated for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, countries that account for 78% of Latin America's population; the results were then extrapolated to the regional level.
  • Results: Every year, smoking is responsible for 33 576 billion dollars in direct costs to health systems.
  • The region's countries should seriously consider stronger measures, such as an increase in tobacco taxes.

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  • (PMID = 28001196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1680-5348
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Panam. Salud Publica
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; English Abstract
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Diallo AF, Cong X, Henderson WA, McGrath J: Management of childhood diarrhea by healthcare professionals in low income countries: An integrative review. Int J Nurs Stud; 2017 Jan;66:82-92
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  • [Title] Management of childhood diarrhea by healthcare professionals in low income countries: An integrative review.
  • Nevertheless uptake of these interventions have been slow in developing countries and many children suffering from diarrhea are not receiving adequate care according to the World Health Organization recommended guidelines for the clinical management of childhood diarrhea.
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this integrative review is to appraise healthcare professionals' management of childhood diarrhea in low-income countries.
  • METHOD: A comprehensive search performed from December 2014 to April 2015 used five databases and focused on observational studies of healthcare professional's management of childhood diarrhea in low-income countries.
  • Only one study used direct observation of the healthcare professionals during practice and the remaining eight used a combination of research designs.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28043020.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-491X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of nursing studies
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Nurs Stud
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Antibiotics use / Childhood diarrhea / Clinical management of childhood diarrhea / Healthcare providers / Low income countries / Oral rehydration therapy / Prescribing behaviors / World Health Organization
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52. Stevens P, Muller E, Becker P: Gastroschisis in a developing country: poor resuscitation is a more significant predictor of mortality than postnasal transfer time. S Afr J Surg; 2016 Mar;54(1):4-9
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  • [Title] Gastroschisis in a developing country: poor resuscitation is a more significant predictor of mortality than postnasal transfer time.
  • BACKGROUND: The time from birth to the first paediatric surgical consultation of neonates with gastroschisis is a predictor of mortality in dveloping countries.
  • The poor clinical condition of the patients on arrival at our hospital, which relates to deficiencies in the neonatal transfer system, had a direct impact on the survival of neonates with gastroschisis.

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  • (PMID = 28240489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-2361
  • [Journal-full-title] South African journal of surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] S Afr J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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53. Lee E, Park H: Estimated Time to Complete Direct Nursing Interventions Using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) at Eight Hospitals in South Korea. Int J Nurs Knowl; 2016 Dec 14;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Estimated Time to Complete Direct Nursing Interventions Using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) at Eight Hospitals in South Korea.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the time needed to perform direct nursing interventions in Korea using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) system, and then compare the findings with time estimates made by U.S. nurses.
  • Each nurse was asked to choose the 30 most frequently used direct nursing interventions from a list of 433 from the Korean version of the NIC and to estimate the time needed to perform their selections.
  • Comparisons of the time to perform interventions in the two countries indicated that only 38 (41.3%) interventions are performed in 15 min or less in both countries.
  • Of the remainder, six interventions showed considerable variation in time to perform between the two countries.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 NANDA International, Inc.
  • (PMID = 27966291.001).
  • [ISSN] 2047-3095
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of nursing knowledge
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Nurs Knowl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; NIC / nursing interventions / time to perform direct nursing interventions
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54. Morgan SG, Lee A: Cost-related non-adherence to prescribed medicines among older adults: a cross-sectional analysis of a survey in 11 developed countries. BMJ Open; 2017 Jan 31;7(1):e014287
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cost-related non-adherence to prescribed medicines among older adults: a cross-sectional analysis of a survey in 11 developed countries.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of costs on access to medicines in 11 developed countries offering different levels of prescription drug coverage for their populations.
  • SETTING: Telephone survey conducted in 11 high-income countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA.
  • PARTICIPANTS: 22 532 adults aged 55 and older and living in the community in studied countries.
  • Across most countries, the prevalence of CRNA was higher among lower income residents and lower among residents over age 65.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Observed differences in national prevalence of CRNA appear to follow lines of availability of prescription drug coverage and the extent of direct patient charges for prescriptions under available drug plans.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
  • [Cites] Am J Public Health. 2015 Feb;105(2):e17-30 [25521879.001]
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  • (PMID = 28143838.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Access to Health Care / Drug coverage / Health Care Surveys / National Health Programs / Prescription drugs
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55. Peláez S, Hendricks KN, Merry LA, Gagnon AJ: Challenges newly-arrived migrant women in Montreal face when needing maternity care: Health care professionals' perspectives. Global Health; 2017 Jan 25;13(1):5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: People who leave their country of origin, or the country of habitual residence, to establish themselves permanently in another country are usually referred to as migrants.
  • To understand healthcare professionals' attitudes towards migrants that could influence their delivery of care, our objective was to explore their perspectives of challenges newly-arrived migrant women from non-Western countries face when needing maternity care.
  • RESULTS: Physicians, nurses, social workers, and therapists participated; 90% were female; and 17% were themselves migrants from non-Western countries.
  • According to participants, newly-arrived migrant women face challenges at two levels: (a) direct care (e.g., understanding Canadian health care professionals' expectations, communicating effectively with health care professionals), and (b) organizational (e.g., access to appropriate health care).

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  • (PMID = 28122630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8603
  • [Journal-full-title] Globalization and health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Global Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Canada / Case study / Childbirth / Health services / Healthcare providers / Migrant / Pregnancy
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56. Ferretti F, Mariani M: Gender discrimination, gender disparities in obesity and human development. Heliyon; 2017 Mar;3(3):e00263
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Measuring gender inequality and women's empowerment is essential to understand the determinants of gender gaps, evaluate policies and monitor countries' progress.
  • We then introduce a biometric indicator, based on the ratio of female to male body mass index, to measure women's empowerment at the country level.
  • Finally, by using the latest available data, we examine the ability of this biometric indicator to capture countries' performance in achieving gender equality.
  • 3) we demonstrate that exogenous changes have a direct and a multiplier effect on human development and gender inequality;.
  • 4) we find that the distribution of obesity between the female and male populations represents a useful proxy variable for measuring gender equality at the country level;.

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  • [Cites] Adv Nutr. 2012 Jul 01;3(4):491-8 [22797984.001]
  • [Cites] Lancet. 2011 Aug 27;378(9793):804-14 [21872749.001]
  • [Cites] Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Oct;68(10):1101-6 [24918120.001]
  • [Cites] Soc Sci Med. 2012 Aug;75(3):482-90 [22580078.001]
  • [Cites] BMJ. 1997 Aug 23;315(7106):477-80 [9284671.001]
  • (PMID = 28337487.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Heliyon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Heliyon
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Economics / Health sciences / Public health / Social sciences
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57. Badia JM, Casey AL, Petrosillo N, Hudson PM, Mitchell SA, Crosby C: Impact of surgical site infection on healthcare costs and patient outcomes: a systematic review in six European countries. J Hosp Infect; 2017 Mar 08;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of surgical site infection on healthcare costs and patient outcomes: a systematic review in six European countries.
  • AIM: To assess, and evaluate the evidence for, the cost and health-related QoL (HRQoL) burden of SSIs across various surgical specialties in six European countries.
  • There was a paucity of evidence in the countries of interest; however, SSIs were consistently associated with elevated costs, relative to uninfected patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Disparate reporting of SSIs makes direct cost comparisons difficult, but this review indicated that SSIs are extremely costly.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28410761.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2939
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hospital infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hosp. Infect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Economic burden / Europe / Quality of life / Surgery / Surgical site infection
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58. Nunes C, Pereira AM, Morais-Almeida M: Asthma costs and social impact. Asthma Res Pract; 2017;3:1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In many countries noncommunicable diseases, like asthma, are not yet considered a healthcare priority.
  • This review will analyze and discuss disparities in asthma management in several countries and regions, such as access to healthcare human resources and medications, due to limited financial capacity to develop strategies to control and prevent this chronic disease.
  • Although asthma is generally accepted as a costly illness, the total costs to society (direct, indirect and intangible asthma costs) are difficult to estimate, mainly due to different disease definitions and characterizations but also to the use of different methodologies to assess the asthma socio-economic impact in different societies.
  • The asthma costs are very variables from country to country, however we can estimate that a mean cost per patient per year, including all asthmatics (intermittent, mild, moderate and severe asthma) in Europe is $USD 1,900, which seems lower than USA, estimated mean $USD 3,100.

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  • (PMID = 28078100.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Asthma research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asthma Res Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Asthma / Burden / Control / Costs / Morbidity / Mortality / Socio-economic
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59. Protty MB, Hayes J: Dawn of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants: trends in oral anticoagulant prescribing in Wales 2009-2015. J Clin Pharm Ther; 2016 Dec 21;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dawn of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants: trends in oral anticoagulant prescribing in Wales 2009-2015.
  • These include warfarin and the newer direct-acting OACs (DOACs).
  • In this commentary, we report the prescribing patterns for OACs in Wales, as a representative country within the UK.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28000318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2710
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Pharm Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; NOAC / direct-acting oral anticoagulants / direct oral anticoagulants / prescribing
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60. Rogers C, Dantas JA: Access to contraception and sexual and reproductive health information post-abortion: a systematic review of literature from low- and middle-income countries. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care; 2017 Feb 16;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Access to contraception and sexual and reproductive health information post-abortion: a systematic review of literature from low- and middle-income countries.
  • AIM: This systematic literature review documented, analysed and critiqued the accessibility of contraception and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information for women living in low- and middle-income countries who have undergone medical or surgical abortion.
  • METHODOLOGY: This review systematically collated relevant and recent empirical evidence regarding women's access to contraception and SRH information post-abortion within low- and middle-income countries.
  • The Ovid (MEDLINE), ProQuest, Science Direct, Web of Science, PUBMED and CINAHL databases were searched and studies that met edibility criteria were assessed for validity and analysis.

  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
  • (PMID = 28209623.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-2098
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of family planning and reproductive health care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; contraception / family planning / post-abortion care (PAC) / sexual and reproductive health (SRH) / sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR)
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61. Kulhánová I, Bray F, Fadhil I, Al-Zahrani AS, El-Basmy A, Anwar WA, Al-Omari A, Shamseddine A, Znaor A, Soerjomataram I: Profile of cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean region: The need for action. Cancer Epidemiol; 2017 Apr;47:125-132
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Many countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) are undergoing marked demographic and socioeconomic transitions that are increasing the cancer burden in region.
  • METHODS: GLOBOCAN 2012 data were used to estimate cancer incidence and mortality by country, cancer type, sex and age in 22 EMR countries.
  • We calculated age-standardized incidence and mortality rates (per 100,000) using direct method of standardization.
  • RESULTS: The cancer incidence and mortality rates vary considerably between countries in the EMR.
  • For females, breast cancer is the most common cancer in all 22 countries, followed by cervical cancer, which ranks high only in the lower-income countries in the region.
  • For males, lung, prostate, and colorectal cancer in combination represent almost 30% of the cancer burden in countries that have attained very high levels of human development.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28268206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-783X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / Eastern Mediterranean region / Incidence / Mortality / Risk factors
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62. Samms-Vaughan M, Lambert M: The impact of polyvictimisation on children in LMICs: the case of Jamaica. Psychol Health Med; 2017 Jan 29;:1-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : Children who experience polyvictimization in high-income countries (HICs) are at higher risk for mental health-related trauma symptoms.
  • There is limited information on the impact of polyvictimisation on children with high levels of exposure, as occurs in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
  • Findings from Structural Equational Modelling indicated that for both genders, exposure to polyvictimisation had a direct negative effect on intellectual functioning, and an indirect negative effect on achievement mediated through intellectual functioning.
  • For boys, polyvictimisation had a direct negative effect on behavioural risk.
  •   In Jamaica, a LMIC country with high levels of polyvictimisation, there is a significant negative effect of polyvictimisation on children.

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  • (PMID = 28133980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3966
  • [Journal-full-title] Psychology, health & medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Psychol Health Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Jamaica / LMIC / Polyvictimisation / Violence / childhood
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63. Haque A, Daniel S, Maxwell T, Boerstoel M: Postmarketing Surveillance Studies-An Industry Perspective on Changing Global Requirements and Implications. Clin Ther; 2017 Apr 06;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: This article describes postmarketing surveillance (PMS) study regulations and expectations of the regulatory agencies in 5 countries.
  • Studies are required specifically for following up treated patients in clinical practice, with the main objective of collecting safety data to further characterize the benefit-risk profile that was established during clinical trials and particularly in the country-specific population.
  • Interpretations of the guidelines and requirements are included and are based on direct interactions with the different regulatory agencies.
  • FINDINGS: We note that the different country PMS guidelines are at varying points in development.
  • While some countries have more comprehensive guidelines, in others, the guidelines are still evolving.
  • Some of the country-specific elements included can inform readers while they prepare to develop and implement PMS study protocols.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28392076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-114X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; drug safety / postmarketing / risk management / surveillance
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64. Levira F, Thurman DJ, Sander JW, Hauser WA, Hesdorffer DC, Masanja H, Odermatt P, Logroscino G, Newton CR, Epidemiology Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy: Premature mortality of epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review from the Mortality Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy. Epilepsia; 2017 Jan;58(1):6-16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Premature mortality of epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review from the Mortality Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy.
  • : To determine the magnitude of risk factors and causes of premature mortality associated with epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
  • These direct causes comprise status epilepticus, with reported PMRs ranging from 5 to 56.6%, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), with reported PMRs ranging from 1 to 18.9%.
  • Epilepsy in LMICs has a significantly greater premature mortality, as in high-income countries, but in LMICs the excess mortality is more likely to be associated with causes attributable to lack of access to medical facilities such as status epilepticus, and preventable causes such as drowning, head injuries, and burns.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 The Authors. Epilepsia published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International League Against Epilepsy.
  • (PMID = 27988968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1167
  • [Journal-full-title] Epilepsia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epilepsia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Case fatality / Convulsions / Death / Developing countries / Premature mortality / Resource-poor countries / Seizures
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65. Popova S, Lange S, Probst C, Gmel G, Rehm J: Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health; 2017 Mar;5(3):e290-e299
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
  • METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report.
  • Studies on the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and/or FAS were omitted if they used a sample population not generalisable to the general population of the respective country, reported a pooled estimate by combining several studies, or were published in iteration.
  • We then did country-specific random-effects meta-analyses to estimate the pooled prevalence of these indicators.
  • For countries with one or no empirical studies, we predicted prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy using fractional response regression modelling and prevalence of FAS using a quotient of the average number of women who consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS.
  • We used Monte Carlo simulations to derive confidence intervals for the country-specific point estimates of the prevalence of FAS.
  • We estimated WHO regional and global averages of the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS, weighted by the number of livebirths per country.
  • INTERPRETATION: Alcohol use during pregnancy is common in many countries and as such, FAS is a relatively prevalent alcohol-related birth defect.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28089487.001).
  • [ISSN] 2214-109X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Lancet. Global health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Glob Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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66. Cleary V, Wynne-Evans E, Freed J, Fleet K, Thorn S, Turbitt D: Ebola 2014: Setting up a port health screening programme at an international train station. J Bus Contin Emer Plan; 2017 Dec 01;10(2):177-187
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Direct flights from Sierra Leone, Guinea or Liberia had all been cancelled, so intelligence on passenger numbers and routes was used to identify the most commonly used routes from the affected countries into the UK.

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  • (PMID = 28376997.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-9216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of business continuity & emergency planning
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bus Contin Emer Plan
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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67. Hundie GB, Woldemeskel D, Gessesse A: Evaluation of Direct Colorimetric MTT Assay for Rapid Detection of Rifampicin and Isoniazid Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PLoS One; 2016;11(12):e0169188
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of Direct Colorimetric MTT Assay for Rapid Detection of Rifampicin and Isoniazid Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • With the spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) strains there is an increasing need for new accurate and cost-effective methods for a rapid diagnostic and drug susceptibility testing (DST), particularly in low-income countries where tuberculosis is hyperendemic.
  • In this study, we standardized and evaluated the MTT assay for a rapid direct detection of rifampicin and isoniazid resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from sputum specimens using Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture medium as a gold standard.
  • In conclusion, the direct colorimetric MTT assay simultaneously detects susceptible and resistant strains of M. tuberculosis within three weeks.

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  • [ErratumIn] PLoS One. 2017 Feb 6;12 (2):e0171964 [28166294.001]
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  • (PMID = 28030634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Boglione L, Cardellino CS, Cusato J, De Nicolò A, Cariti G, Di Perri G, D'Avolio A: Treatment with PEG-IFN and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C, low grade of hepatic fibrosis, genotype 1 and 4 and favorable IFNL3 genotype: A pharmacogenetic prospective study. Infect Genet Evol; 2017 Mar 16;51:167-172
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  • The new direct-acting antivirals agents (DAAs) rapidly changed the treatment approach in chronic hepatitis C (CHC); however, the interferon (IFN)-free therapies availability is currently different in some countries, due to higher costs of these drugs.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 28315743.001).
  • [ISSN] 1567-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Genet. Evol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Fibrosis / Genotype 1 / Genotype 4 / HCV / IL28B / PEG-IFN
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69. Worsley A, Wang W, Sarmugam R, Pham Q, Februhartanty J, Ridley S: Family Food Providers' Perceptions of the Causes of Obesity and Effectiveness of Weight Control Strategies in Five Countries in the Asia Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Nutrients; 2017 Jan 18;9(1)
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  • [Title] Family Food Providers' Perceptions of the Causes of Obesity and Effectiveness of Weight Control Strategies in Five Countries in the Asia Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Survey.
  • The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies.
  • The CFA and SEM showed that demographics, region of residence, personal values and perceptions of the causes of obesity (<i>Unhealthy food behaviours</i>, influences <i>Beyond personal control</i> and <i>Environmental influences</i>) had direct and indirect associations with three weight control methods factors, named: <i>Healthy habits, Eat less, sit less</i>, and <i>Dieting.
  • Further research is required among lower socio economic status (SES) populations.

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  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutrients
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Asia Pacific / food providers / obesity / perceptions / survey / weight concerns
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70. Kar N, Krishnaraaj R, Rameshraj K: Long-term mental health outcomes following the 2004 Asian tsunami disaster: A comparative study on direct and indirect exposure. Disaster Health; 2014 Jan-Mar;2(1):35-45
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  • [Title] Long-term mental health outcomes following the 2004 Asian tsunami disaster: A comparative study on direct and indirect exposure.
  • There is inadequate information on the long-term mental health outcomes among disaster victims in low and middle income countries.
  • It was also intended to compare the mental health outcomes of the victims with direct exposure to tsunami waters and those who were indirectly exposed to tsunami disaster (people living near the sea who escaped tsunami waters but witnessed the disaster and suffered various losses).
  • The direct exposure group had a significantly greater proportion of psychiatric morbidity based on SRQ, anxiety symptoms and suicide attempts.

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  • (PMID = 28228999.001).
  • [ISSN] 2166-5044
  • [Journal-full-title] Disaster health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Disaster Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Asia / anxiety / depression / disaster / post-traumatic stress disorder / prevalence / risk factors / tsunami
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71. Lee YJ, Kwon SH, Hong SH, Nam JH, Song HJ, Lee JS, Lee EK, Shin JY: Health Care Utilization and Direct Costs in Mild, Moderate, and Severe Adult Asthma: A Descriptive Study Using the 2014 South Korean Health Insurance Database. Clin Ther; 2017 Mar;39(3):527-536
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  • [Title] Health Care Utilization and Direct Costs in Mild, Moderate, and Severe Adult Asthma: A Descriptive Study Using the 2014 South Korean Health Insurance Database.
  • Health care utilization, acute exacerbation, and direct costs associated with asthma were compared according to asthma severity levels.
  • The estimated asthma-related direct cost per patient was $174 for level 1, $634 for level 2, and $1635 for level 3 (P < 0.01).
  • Direct costs associated with asthma exacerbation dramatically increased and accounted for 15.1% of the total cost in level 1 patients, 19.5% in level 2 patients, and 40.8% in level 3 patients (P < 0.01).
  • IMPLICATIONS: The direct costs of acute exacerbation increased as asthma severity increased.
  • In patients with severe asthma, acute exacerbation and the relative cost ratio in South Korea were higher than those in other countries.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28196623.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-114X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; acute exacerbation / asthma / cost / health care utilization / severity
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72. Choi GH: Effectiveness of Direct Safety Regulations on Manufacturers and Users of Industrial Machines: Its Implications on Industrial Safety Policies in Republic of Korea. Saf Health Work; 2017 Mar;8(1):59-66
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  • [Title] Effectiveness of Direct Safety Regulations on Manufacturers and Users of Industrial Machines: Its Implications on Industrial Safety Policies in Republic of Korea.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts made in recent years, the industrial accident rate and the fatality rate in the Republic of Korea are much higher than those in most developed countries in Europe and North America.
  • METHODS: This study focuses on the quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of direct safety regulations such as safety certification, self-declaration of conformity, and safety inspection of industrial machines in the Republic of Korea.
  • Safety device regulation needs to be shifted to complement safety certification and self-declaration of conformity for more balanced direct regulations on manufacturers and users.

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  • (PMID = 28344842.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-7911
  • [Journal-full-title] Safety and health at work
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saf Health Work
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; direct regulation / safety certification / safety device regulation / safety inspection / self-declaration of conformity
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73. Elahi E, Zhang L, Abid M, Javed MT, Xinru H: Direct and indirect effects of wastewater use and herd environment on the occurrence of animal diseases and animal health in Pakistan. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2017 Mar;24(7):6819-6832
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  • [Title] Direct and indirect effects of wastewater use and herd environment on the occurrence of animal diseases and animal health in Pakistan.
  • The use of wastewater for rearing domestic animals is a common phenomenon in most of the developing countries like Pakistan that face a serious shortage of freshwater resources.
  • However, most of the literature has only focused on the indirect effects of wastewater use on animal health or productivity, and literature on the direct effects of wastewater use is rare.
  • Therefore, this study aims to investigate the direct and indirect effects of wastewater usage on the prevalence of animal diseases and animal health in Pakistan.

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  • (PMID = 28092000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1614-7499
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Animal’s health / Clinical mastitis / Foot and mouth disease / Logistic regression / Non negative binomial regression / Poisson regression / Tick infection / Wastewater
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74. Camponovo F, Bever CA, Galactionova K, Smith T, Penny MA: Incidence and admission rates for severe malaria and their impact on mortality in Africa. Malar J; 2017 Jan 03;16(1):1
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  • METHODS: Using a simulation-based approach, severe malaria admission rates and the subsequent severe malaria disease and mortality rates for 41 malaria endemic countries of sub-Saharan Africa were estimated.
  • Country differences in transmission and health care settings were captured by use of high spatial resolution data on demographics and falciparum malaria prevalence, as well as national level estimates of effective coverage of treatment for uncomplicated malaria.
  • RESULTS: There is substantial variation between countries' in-patient admission rates and estimated levels of case fatality rates.
  • It was found that for many African countries, most patients admitted for in-patient treatment would not meet strict criteria for severe disease and that for some countries only a small proportion of the total severe cases are admitted.
  • This makes possible direct comparisons of the potential benefits of scaling-up either category of interventions.

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  • (PMID = 28049519.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-2875
  • [Journal-full-title] Malaria journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malar. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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75. Nolte E, Corbett J: International Variation in Drug Usage: An Exploratory Analysis of the "Causes" of Variation. Rand Health Q; 2015 Mar 20;4(4):1
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  • Commissioned by the UK Department of Health, through its Policy Research Programme, it complements a quantitative analysis of medicines uptake carried out by the Office for Health Economics (OHE) of medicines uptake across 16 classes of medicines in 13 high-income countries in 2012/13.
  • Drawing on a rapid evidence assessment, we explore, for each of the five disease areas, epidemiological factors such as the disease burden and aspects of health system and service organisation that were shown to have a direct or indirect impact on drug usage, such as reimbursement mechanisms, access to diagnosis and treatment more broadly.
  • We also provide a summary overview of key features of the health systems and of the principles of drug assessment or approval processes across the countries included in the OHE analysis.
  • Any given level of use of a given medicine in one country is likely determined by a set of factors the combination and the relative weight of which will be different in another country.

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  • (PMID = 28083348.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Rand health quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rand Health Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Lim DK, Mo C, Long NP, Kim G, Kwon SW: Simultaneous Profiling of Lysoglycerophospholipids in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Using Direct Infusion-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Multiple Reaction Monitoring. J Agric Food Chem; 2017 Mar 29;65(12):2628-2634
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous Profiling of Lysoglycerophospholipids in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Using Direct Infusion-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Multiple Reaction Monitoring.
  • In this study, we developed a high-throughput and targeted lipidomics approach that involved direct infusion-tandem mass spectrometry with multiple reaction monitoring to simultaneously profile lysoGPLs in white rice.
  • Among the discriminatory lysoGPLs, for the lysoPE(16:0) and lysoPE(18:2) compositions, there were relatively small within-group variations, and they were considerably different among the three countries.

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  • (PMID = 28245645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5118
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Agric. Food Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Oryza sativa L. / direct infusion-mass spectrometry / discriminatory marker / lysoglycerophospholipid / partial least-squares discriminant analysis
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77. Hayashida K, Kajino K, Simukoko H, Simuunza M, Ndebe J, Chota A, Namangala B, Sugimoto C: Direct detection of falciparum and non-falciparum malaria DNA from a drop of blood with high sensitivity by the dried-LAMP system. Parasit Vectors; 2017 Jan 13;10(1):26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Direct detection of falciparum and non-falciparum malaria DNA from a drop of blood with high sensitivity by the dried-LAMP system.
  • BACKGROUND: Because of the low sensitivity of conventional rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria infections, the actual prevalence of the diseases, especially those caused by non-Plasmodium falciparum (non-Pf) species, in asymptomatic populations remain less defined in countries lacking in well-equipped facilities for accurate diagnoses.
  • Our direct blood dry LAMP system (CZC-LAMP) was applied to the diagnosis of malaria as simple, rapid and highly sensitive method as an alternative for conventional RDTs in malaria endemic areas where laboratory resources are limited.
  • The direct blood LAMP diagnostic methods, in which 1 μl of anticoagulated blood were used as the template, showed the sensitivities of 98.1% for Pf, 92.1% for non-Pf, and the specificities of 98.1% for Pf, 100% for non-Pf.

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  • (PMID = 28086864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-3305
  • [Journal-full-title] Parasites & vectors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Parasit Vectors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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78. Rachmi CN, Li M, Alison Baur L: Overweight and obesity in Indonesia: prevalence and risk factors-a literature review. Public Health; 2017 Mar 06;147:20-29
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: Overweight/obesity is a problem faced by both high- and low- and middle-income countries.
  • METHODS: We conducted a literature search for articles published in English (through Medline via OvidSP, Scopus, Global Health via OvidSP and Web of Science electronic databases) and Indonesian languages (several websites, direct contact with Indonesian public health researchers, practitioners and Ministry of Health staff) from earliest to March 2016.
  • Interventions at the household level and beyond are needed to successfully lower the prevalence of overweight/obesity in the country.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28404492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5616
  • [Journal-full-title] Public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adolescent / Adults / Children / Indonesia / Obesity / Prevalence
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79. Richter V, Lebl K, Baumgartner W, Obritzhauser W, Käsbohrer A, Pinior B: A systematic worldwide review of the direct monetary losses in cattle due to bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection. Vet J; 2017 Feb;220:80-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A systematic worldwide review of the direct monetary losses in cattle due to bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection.
  • In this systematic review of the impact of BVDV, studies were analysed with a particular focus on the monetary implications and types of direct losses, the initial infection status of herds, production systems, time periods of assessment, calculation level, study types and whether or not country-specific assessments were published.
  • A linear mixed model was applied to analyse factors that influence the level of monetary direct losses due to BVDV infection.
  • The 44 studies included in this review covered 15 countries and assessed direct monetary losses due to BVDV incurred over the past 30 years.
  • Direct losses between and within countries were largely heterogeneous with respect to the monetary level and types of direct losses, ranging from 0.50 to 687.80 US dollars (USD) per animal.
  • <sup>1</sup> Average direct losses per naïve dairy cow were USD24.85 higher than per beef cow.
  • Country-specific assessments of direct losses due to BVDV were provided in 38/44 (86.4%) studies.
  • Mortality, morbidity, premature culling, stillbirths, abortion, reinfection, country and study type had a significant influence on the monetary level of direct losses (r<sup>2</sup> = 0.69).
  • Countries recording direct losses were more likely to carry out voluntary or compulsory control and eradication programmes (odds ratio = 10.2; 95% confidence interval 1.7-81.9; P = 0.004).

  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28190502.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2971
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bovine viral diarrhoea virus / Economic impact / Production losses
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80. European Union HCV Collaborators: Hepatitis C virus prevalence and level of intervention required to achieve the WHO targets for elimination in the European Union by 2030: a modelling study. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2017 May;2(5):325-336
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In the European Union (EU), treatment and cure of HCV with direct-acting antiviral therapies began in 2014.
  • METHODS: We populated country Markov models for the 28 EU countries through a literature search of PubMed and Embase between Jan 1, 2000, and March 31, 2016, and a Delphi process to gain expert consensus and validate inputs.
  • We aggregated country models to create a regional EU model.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28397696.001).
  • [ISSN] 2468-1253
  • [Journal-full-title] The lancet. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Investigator] Razavi H; Robbins S; Zeuzem S; Negro F; Buti M; Duberg AS; Roudot-Thoraval F; Craxi A; Manns M; Marinho RT; Hunyady B; Colombo M; Aleman S; Antonov K; Arkkila P; Athanasakis K; Blach S; Blachier M; Blasco AJ; Calinas F; Calleja JL; Christensen PB; Cramp ME; Croes E; de Knegt RJ; de Ledinghen V; Delile JM; Estes C; Falconer K; Färkkilä M; Flisiak R; Frankova S; Gamkrelidze I; García-Samaniego J; Genov J; Gerstoft J; Gheorghe L; Goldis A; Gountas I; Gregorčič S; Gschwantler M; Gunter J; Halota W; Harcouet L; Hézode C; Hoffmann P; Horvath G; Hrstic I; Jarčuška P; Jelev D; Jeruma A; Kåberg M; Kieran J; Kondili LA; Kotzev I; Krarup H; Kristian P; Lagging M; Laleman W; Lázaro P; Liakina V; Lukšić B; Maimets M; Makara M; Mateva L; Maticic M; Mennini FS; Mitova R; Moreno C; Mossong J; Murphy K; Nde H; Nemecek V; Nonkovic D; Norris S; Oltman M; Øvrehus AL; Papatheodoridis G; Pasini K; Razavi-Shearer D; Razavi-Shearer K; Reesink HW; Reic T; Rozentale B; Ryder SD; Salupere R; Sarmento-Castro R; Sarrazin C; Schmelzer JD; Schréter I; Seguin-Devaux C; Simojoki K; Simonova M; Smit PJ; Souliotis K; Speiciene D; Sperl J; Stärkel P; Struck D; Sypsa V; Thornton L; Tolmane I; Tomasiewicz K; Valantinas J; Van Damme P; van de Vijver D; van der Meer AJ; van Santen D; Van Vlierberghe H; Vandijck D; Vella S; Videčnik-Zorman J; Vogel W; Weis N; Hatzakis A
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81. Andrade A, Dominski FH, Coimbra DR: Scientific production on indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice: Bibliometric analysis. J Environ Manage; 2017 Mar 09;196:188-200
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016.
  • Bibliometric analysis was performed for authors, institutions, countries, and collaborative networks, in relation to publication year, theme, citation network, funding agency, and analysis of titles and keywords of publications.
  • Country, area, and impact factor of the journals were analyzed.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28284941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental management
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Manage.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Air pollutants / Air pollution / Bibliometric / Health / Indoor / Motor activity / Sports
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82. Aira N, Andersson AM, Singh SK, McKay DM, Blomgran R: Species dependent impact of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Direct effect on the innate anti-mycobacterial response. PLoS Negl Trop Dis; 2017 Feb;11(2):e0005390
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Species dependent impact of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Direct effect on the innate anti-mycobacterial response.
  • BACKGROUND: In countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis there is high coincident of helminth infections that might worsen disease outcome.
  • PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigated the direct effect of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages, hypothesizing that helminths would render macrophages less capable of controlling Mtb.

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  • (PMID = 28192437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-2735
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS neglected tropical diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Negl Trop Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Mpinga EK, Macias A, Hasselgard-Rowe J, Kandala NB, Félicien TK, Verloo H, Zacharie Bukonda NK, Chastonay P: Female genital mutilation: a systematic review of research on its economic and social impacts across four decades. Glob Health Action; 2016 Jan;9(1):31489
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Objective This review aims to characterize over a 40-year period the scientific output on the consequences of FGM in African countries, the most affected region known for the high prevalence of FGM, and review data on the socioeconomic consequences of the practice.
  • Nigeria was the single country most investigated (19.2%), followed by Egypt (10.6%).
  • Most first authors were affiliated to non-African countries (60.6%): among them 21.2% were US-based, 4% were from African institutions, and 16.2% from Nigeria.
  • The socioeconomic consequences were addressed in a minority of the papers (14.1%): they were classified into direct economic consequences (2.5%), school attendance (1%), marriageability (2%), sexual and marital consequences (3.5%), fertility (2.5%), domestic violence (1%), and discrimination (1.5%).

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  • (PMID = 28156932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1654-9880
  • [Journal-full-title] Global health action
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glob Health Action
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Africa / female genital mutilation / medical and psychological consequences / prevalence and ethics / socioeconomic consequences / systematic review
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84. de Prez L, de Pooter J, Jansen B, Wolthaus J, van Asselen B, Woodings S, Soest T, Kok J, Raaymakers B: TH-CD-BRA-05: First Water Calorimetric Dw Measurement and Direct Measurement of Magnetic Field Correction Factors, KQ,B, in a 1.5 T B-Field of An MRI Linac. Med Phys; 2016 Jun;43(6):3874
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] TH-CD-BRA-05: First Water Calorimetric Dw Measurement and Direct Measurement of Magnetic Field Correction Factors, KQ,B, in a 1.5 T B-Field of An MRI Linac.
  • The objective was to study the feasibility of water calorimetric absorbed-dose measurements in a 1.5 T B-field of an MRLinac and the direct measurement of kQ,B calibration of ionization chambers.
  • The feasibility of water calorimetry in the presence of B-fields was demonstrated by the direct determination of Dw and kQ,B.
  • The EMRP is jointly funded by the EMRP participating countries within EURAMET and the European Union.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28048486.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Calibration / Calorimeters / Dosimetry / Error analysis / Ionization chambers / Linear accelerators / Magnetic field measurements / Magnetic fields / Magnetic resonance imaging
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85. Giangrande PL, Peyvandi F, O'Mahony B, Behr-Gross ME, Hilger A, Schramm W, Mannucci PM: Kreuth IV: European consensus proposals for treatment of haemophilia with coagulation factor concentrates. Haemophilia; 2017 Apr 12;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: This report summarizes recommendations relating to haemophilia therapy arising from discussions among experts from 36 European countries during the 'Kreuth IV' meeting in May 2016.
  • The minimum consumption of factor VIII and IX concentrate in any country should be 4 IU and 0.5 IU per capita of general population respectively.
  • Treatment for hepatitis C with direct-acting antiviral agents should be provided to all people with haemophilia on a priority basis.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28401658.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2516
  • [Journal-full-title] Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haemophilia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; factor IX / factor VIII / guidelines / haemophilia / inhibitors / prophylaxis
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86. Berto A, Day J, Van Vinh Chau N, Thwaites GE, My NN, Baker S, Darton TC: Current challenges and possible solutions to improve access to care and treatment for hepatitis C infection in Vietnam: a systematic review. BMC Infect Dis; 2017 Apr 11;17(1):260
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  • BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C infection is a major public health concern in low- and middle-income countries where an estimated 71.1 million individuals are living with chronic infection.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently released new guidance for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment programs, which include improving the access to new direct-acting antiviral agents.
  • In Vietnam, a highly populated middle-income country, the seroprevalence of HCV infection is approximately 4% and multiple genotypes co-circulate in the general population.

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  • (PMID = 28399806.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2334
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epidemiology / Hepatitis C virus / Low and middle-income countries / Treatment access / Vietnam
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87. Henriques A, Araújo C, Viana M, Laszczynska O, Pereira M, Bennett K, Lunet N, Azevedo A: Disability-adjusted life years lost due to ischemic heart disease in mainland Portugal, 2013. Rev Port Cardiol; 2017 Apr;36(4):273-281
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Estimates of the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD), including geographic differences, should support health policy decisions.
  • Crude and age-standardized DALYs (direct method, Standard European Population) were calculated for mainland Portugal and for the Northern, Central, Lisbon, Alentejo and Algarve regions.
  • Age-standardized DALY rates per 1000 population were higher in men than in women, across the entire country (8.9 in men; 3.4 in women) and within each region, ranging from 7.3 in the Northern and Central regions to 11.8 in the Algarve in men, and from 2.6 in the Northern region to 4.6 in Lisbon in women.
  • This study enables accurate comparisons with other countries and between regions; however, it highlights the need for population-based studies to obtain specific data on morbidity.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28318855.001).
  • [ISSN] 2174-2030
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista portuguesa de cardiologia : orgao oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia = Portuguese journal of cardiology : an official journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Port Cardiol
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Portugal
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anos de vida saudável perdidos / Disability-adjusted life years / Doença isquémica do coração / Ischemic heart disease / Portugal
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88. Dalglish SL, Rodríguez DC, Harouna A, Surkan PJ: Knowledge and power in policy-making for child survival in Niger. Soc Sci Med; 2017 Mar;177:150-157
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Calls to enhance the use of scientific evidence in international health and development policy have increased in recent years; however, analytic frameworks for understanding evidence use focus narrowly on scientific research and were created using data and observations nearly exclusively from Western countries.
  • We examine processes of health policy development in a case study of Niger, a low-income West African country that adopted integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM) beginning in 2007, resulting in measurable declines in child mortality.
  • Data collection included in-depth interviews with policy actors in Niger (N = 32), document review (N = 103) and direct observation of policy forums (N = 3).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28167340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] Social science & medicine (1982)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Sci Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Child mortality / Developing countries / Knowledge / Niger / Policy / Policy analysis / Power
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89. Haverkort JJ, de Jong MB, Foco M, Gui D, Barhoum M, Hyams G, Bahouth H, Halberthal M, Leenen LP: Dedicated mass-casualty incident hospitals: An overview. Injury; 2017 Feb;48(2):322-326
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  • Herein, we compared the MCI facilities from three countries considering the reasons for construction and the functionality.
  • The MCI hospitals' designs differed substantially, as determined by the threats faced by the country.
  • Israel faces constant threat from long-term conflicts; during the 2006 war, several hospitals suffered direct missile impacts.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28024651.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0267
  • [Journal-full-title] Injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Injury
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Disaster / Disaster medicine / Major incident / Major incident hospital / Mass casualty incident / Preparedness / Surge capacity
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90. Troskie C, Soon JA, Albert AY, Norman WV: Regulatory approval time for hormonal contraception in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom, 2000-2015: a retrospective data analysis. CMAJ Open; 2016 Oct-Dec;4(4):E654-E660
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  • We used public data sources and direct correspondence, and excluded generic versions of previously approved drugs.
  • Secondary outcomes included the median time to approval for all hormonal contraceptives and the number of approved hormonal contraceptives comparing countries studied, as well as the median time for approval of novel compared with nonnovel hormonal contraceptives within each country.

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  • (PMID = 28018878.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] CMAJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] CMAJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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91. Rasheed H, Slack R, Kay P, Gong YY: Refinement of arsenic attributable health risks in rural Pakistan using population specific dietary intake values. Environ Int; 2017 Feb;99:331-342
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • If these values do not accurately reflect the country or scenario in question, the resulting risk assessment will not provide a meaningful representation of cancer risks in that particular country/scenario.
  • RESULTS: Average daily total water intake based on drinking direct plain water and indirect water from food and beverages was found to be 3.5Lday<sup>-1</sup> (95% CI: 3.38, 3.57) exceeding the US Environmental Protection Agency's default (2.5Lday<sup>-1</sup>) and World Health Organization's recommended intake value (2Lday<sup>-1</sup>).
  • This is lower than the cancer risks in countries with higher rice intake and elevated arsenic levels (Bangladesh and India).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28040261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6750
  • [Journal-full-title] Environment international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer risk assessment / Dietary exposure / Rice intake / Risk assessment / Water consumption / Wheat intake
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92. Dudko Y, Kruger E, Tennant M: A national analysis of dental waiting lists and point-in-time geographic access to subsidised dental care: can geographic access be improved by offering public dental care through private dental clinics? Rural Remote Health; 2017 Jan-Mar;17(1):3814
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A national analysis of dental waiting lists and point-in-time geographic access to subsidised dental care: can geographic access be improved by offering public dental care through private dental clinics?
  • INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas.
  • Waiting list data from across Australia were collected from publicly available sources and confirmed through direct communication with each individual state or territory dental health body.
  • Quantum geographic information system software was used to map distribution of the eligible population across Australia by statistical area, and to plot locations of government and private dental clinics.
  • Percentage of the eligible population and those on the waiting list that could benefit from the potential improvement in geographic access was ascertained for metropolitan and rural residents.
  • The utilisation of both government and private dental clinics for the delivery of subsidised dental care to the eligible population has the potential to improve geographic access for up to 25% of those residing within metropolitan areas and up to 59% for eligible country residents.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This research finds that utilisation of the existing network of private dental practices across Australia for delivery of subsidised dental care could dramatically increase geographic reach, reduce waiting lists, and possibly make good oral health a more realistic goal to achieve for the economically disadvantaged members of the community.

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  • (PMID = 28092965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-6354
  • [Journal-full-title] Rural and remote health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rural Remote Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Allied Health / Australia/Pacific / Community-Controlled Health Services / Dentistry / Health Service reform / Oral health / Primary Health Care / Public Health
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93. Cuschieri S, Vassallo J, Calleja N, Pace N, Abela J, Ali BA, Abdullah F, Zahra E, Mamo J: The diabesity health economic crisis-the size of the crisis in a European island state following a cross-sectional study. Arch Public Health; 2016;74:52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The prevalence rates of these diseases are still on the rise among countries resulting in a corresponding public health burden.
  • The approximate health care costs (direct and indirect) for the diabetic adult population was of €29,159,217 (€21,994,676 - €38,919,121) annually, amounting to 3.64% (2.75-4.875%) of the total health expenditure in Malta.
  • CONCLUSION: Having an understanding of the prevalence and the economic cost burden of diabetes and obesity within a country, along with projections of the expected burden will enable policy and public health officials to clearly visualize this growing problem.

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  • (PMID = 27999669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0778-7367
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of public health = Archives belges de sante publique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Burden of illness / Diabetes mellitus / Economic burden of disease / Malta / Obesity
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94. Korzeniewski K: Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in the population of Central Asia on the example of inhabitants of Eastern Afghanistan. Przegl Epidemiol; 2016;70(4):563-573
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are a major health problem worldwide, especially in the Third World countries, where poor standards of hygiene and sanitation as well as the lack of medical care facilitate the spread of food and waterborne infections.
  • AIM: To estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Central Asia on the example of the population inhabiting the Ghazni Province in eastern part of the country and to assess the validity of the WHO recommended mass deworming campaign carried out in Afghanistan.
  • The samples were fixed in 10% formalin and then transported by air to the Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine (Military Institute of Medicine) in Poland, where they were examined by light microscopy using 3 different diagnostic methods (direct smear in Lugol’s solution, decantation with distilled water, Fülleborn’s flotation).

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  • (PMID = 28221011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2100
  • [Journal-full-title] Przeglad epidemiologiczny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Przegl Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng; pol
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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95. Barasa EW, Maina T, Ravishankar N: Assessing the impoverishing effects, and factors associated with the incidence of catastrophic health care payments in Kenya. Int J Equity Health; 2017 Feb 06;16(1):31
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  • We distinguished between direct payments for healthcare such as payments for consultation, medicines, medical procedures, and total healthcare expenditure that includes direct healthcare payments and the cost of transportation to and from health facilities.
  • RESULTS: When only direct payments to healthcare providers were considered, the incidence of catastrophic expenditures was 4.52%.
  • 453,470 Kenyans are pushed into poverty annually as a result of direct payments for healthcare.
  • Unemployment of the household head, presence of an elderly person, a person with a chronic ailment, a large household size, lower household social-economic status, and residence in marginalized regions of the country are significantly associated with increased odds of incurring catastrophic expenditures.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Kenyan policy makers should prioritize extending pre-payment mechanisms to more vulnerable groups, specifically the poor, the elderly, those suffering from chronic ailments and those living in marginalized regions of the country.
  • The range of services covered under these mechanisms should also be extended such that the proportion of direct costs paid to access care is reduced.

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  • (PMID = 28166779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-9276
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal for equity in health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Equity Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Catastrophic health spending / Financial risk protection / Household health spending / Kenya / Out of pocket health spending
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96. Knudsen MT, Hermansen JE, Cederberg C, Herzog F, Vale J, Jeanneret P, Sarthou JP, Friedel JK, Balázs K, Fjellstad W, Kainz M, Wolfrum S, Dennis P: Characterization factors for land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment based on direct measures of plant species richness in European farmland in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome. Sci Total Environ; 2017 Feb 15;580:358-366
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization factors for land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment based on direct measures of plant species richness in European farmland in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome.
  • Based on a unique dataset derived from field recording of plant species diversity in farmland across six European countries, the present study provides new midpoint occupation Characterization Factors (CF) expressing the Potentially Disappeared Fraction (PDF) to estimate land use impacts on biodiversity in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome in Europe.
  • While species richness differs between countries, the calculated CFs are able to distinguish between different land use types (pastures (monocotyledons or mixed), arable land and hedges) and management practices (organic or conventional production systems) across countries.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27979626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1026
  • [Journal-full-title] The Science of the total environment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci. Total Environ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Biodiversity damage potential / Conventional farming / General habitat categories / LCA / Organic agriculture / Potentially disappeared fraction of species
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97. du Toit R, Courtright P, Lewallen S: The Use of Key Informant Method for Identifying Children with Blindness and Severe Visual Impairment in Developing Countries. Ophthalmic Epidemiol; 2017 Mar 13;:1-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Use of Key Informant Method for Identifying Children with Blindness and Severe Visual Impairment in Developing Countries.
  • METHODS: Peer-reviewed (PubMed, hand search) and grey literature (Google, World Health Organization website, academic theses, direct requests) were included, and methods and criteria used for identification, productivity (number of children referred per KI), accuracy of referrals (positive predictive value, PPV), age of children with B/SVI, KI definition, sex, information about cost and comparisons aggregated.

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  • (PMID = 28287870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5086
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmic Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Blind / childhood blindness / children / community volunteers / effectiveness / health workers / identify / key informant / screening / visually impaired
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98. Kopciuch D, Zaprutko T, Paczkowska A, Nowakowska E: Costs of treatment of adult patients with cystic fibrosis in Poland and internationally. Public Health; 2017 Apr 07;148:49-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: Despite its low prevalence, cystic fibrosis (CF) may have a considerable impact on healthcare system expenditures in terms of direct healthcare costs and lost productivity.
  • This study was aimed at calculation of costs associated with CF treatment in Poland, as well as at comparison of average costs of treatment of CF patients in selected countries, taking into account the purchasing power parity.
  • Medical and non-medical direct costs as well as indirect costs were calculated.
  • CF costs estimated by researchers from other countries over the last 15 years were also compared.
  • Costs of treatment of CF patients over the last 15 years varied between the countries and ranged from EUR 23,330.82 in Bulgaria to EUR 68,696.42 in the United States.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28404533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5616
  • [Journal-full-title] Public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Comparison of costs / Costs and costs analysis / Cystic fibrosis / Economic burden / Social impact of cystic fibrosis
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99. SadanandaNaik FV, Paily PP, GopinathaPillai KG, Asokan PU: Photochemotherapy For Psoriasis with Psoralen and Sunlight. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 1981 Jan-Feb;47(1):9-16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This study shows that systemic psoralen and direct sunlight elwsure is a safe and effective line of t reatment for psoriasis.
  • We feel, this method of treatment can be recomended as a routine in psoriatic patients in our country.

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  • (PMID = 28211386.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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100. Pieracci EG, Hall AJ, Gharpure R, Haile A, Walelign E, Deressa A, Bahiru G, Kibebe M, Walke H, Belay E: Prioritizing zoonotic diseases in Ethiopia using a one health approach. One Health; 2016 Dec;2:131-135
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals.
  • As a result, the country is vulnerable to the spread of zoonotic diseases.
  • As the first step of the country's engagement in the Global Health Security Agenda, a zoonotic disease prioritization workshop was held to identify significant zoonotic diseases of mutual concern for animal and human health agencies.
  • Enhancement of public health and veterinary laboratories, joint outbreak and surveillance activities, and intersectoral linkages created to tackle the prioritized zoonotic diseases will undoubtedly prepare the country to effectively address newly emerging zoonotic diseases.

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  • (PMID = 28220151.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] One health (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] One Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Disease prioritization / Ethiopia / One health / Zoonotic disease
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